. Agenda item 3.10: Terrestrial biological diversity
Agenda Item 3.10: Terrestrial biological diversity
The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) at its third session, in its review of "sectoral cluster: land desertification, forests and biodiversity", reviewed progress in the implementation of chapters 10 to 15 of Agenda 21 and decided to establish an open-ended ad hoc Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF) to pursue consensus and formulation of coordinated proposals for action.
In decision II/9, the Conference of the Parties adopted a statement from the Convention to the IPF on biological diversity and forests and requested the Executive Secretary to provide advice and information pertaining to the relationship between indigenous and local communities and forests.
Decision II/9 of the Conference of the Parties also requested the Executive Secretary to produce a background document on the links between forests and biological diversity, in order to consider, at its third meeting, whether further input to the IPF is required and to transmit this document to the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests for information. This background document is contained in UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/2/11 and was reviewed by the second meeting of the SBSTTA.
1. SUMMARY OF INTERVENTIONS
There was substantial discussion of a full range of issues arising from a review of the Secretariat note and the following recommendations resulted.
Having contemplated the issues considered by the CSD in light of the provisions of the Convention, the SBSTTA:
(a) recommends the Conference of the Parties to ask the Executive Secretary to explore ways and means to cooperate with the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification particularly in Africa on matters relating to biological diversity and drylands with a view to identifying common priorities for further consideration at the next meeting of the SBSTTA;
(b) recommends that the Convention examines the specific issues related to biological diversity arising out of the implementation of chapter 13 of Agenda 21 and further recommends that the Conference of the Parties asks the Executive Secretary to contact those agencies and networks working on sustainable mountain development with a view to examining forms of cooperation and report back to the next meeting of the SBSTTA.
2. INPUTS TO THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON FORESTS (IPF)
The SBSTTA also recommends the Conference of the Parties to ask the Executive Secretary to explore ways and means to cooperate with the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests on matters relating to biological diversity and forests with a view to developing common priorities for further consideration at the next meeting of the SBSTTA. In this process the Executive Secretary should take account of the research and technical priorities listed at the end of this document.
Based on the statement on biological diversity and forests sent from the second meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the IPF and reviewing the background document on links between forests and biological diversity prepared by the Secretariat (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/2/11), the SBSTTA recommends that the following additional inputs be sent to the IPF:
(i) Biodiversity considerations should be integrated fully into the IPF recommendations and proposals for action. IPF should also consider ways to deal with identified gaps in forest biodiversity knowledge.
(ii) In relation to the programme element 1.1 of the IPF on national forest and land use plans, strategies for sustainable forest management should be based on an ecosystem approach, which will integrate conservation measures (e.g. protected areas) and sustainable use of biological diversity. Methodologies need to be developed to assist countries in identifying sites of high interest for biodiversity. These recommendations should take into account national financial circumstances, laws and regulations.
(iii) In relation to the programme element of the IPF dealing with criteria and indicators, conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, as well as the maintenance of forest quality, as part of sustainable forest management, should be substantively included in the deliberations of the IPF.
The SBSTTA also identified the following research and technological priorities:
(i) Building the scientific foundation and methodologies necessary to advance the elaboration and implementation of criteria and indicators for forest quality and biodiversity conservation as part of sustainable forest management;
(ii) Analysing the role of biodiversity in forest ecosystem functioning;
(iii) Analysing measures for mitigating the underlying causes of biodiversity loss;
(iv) Advancing scientific and technical approaches to (a) rehabilitating degraded and deforested ecosystems and (b) enriching biodiversity in forest plantations;
(v) Identifying gaps in knowledge in the areas of fragmentation and population viability, to include mitigation options such as corridors and buffer zones;
(vi) Assessing ecological landscape models, the integration of protected areas in the ecosystem approach to sustainable forest management and the representativeness and adequacy of protected areas networks;
(vii) Analysing scientifically the ways in which human activities, in particular forest management practices, influence biodiversity and assessing ways to minimize or mitigate negative influences;
(viii) Developing assessment and valuation methodologies for the multiple benefits derived from forest biodiversity.