Case Studies


After five years of community based natural resource management, Wildlife populations have stabilized over large areas in Tajikistan. Game keeping and interntational hunting tourism was implemented in eleven villages. The income received was used to establish sport facilities, to buy medicine for the medical station or to support handicapped people. A wildlife database and monitoring events were been established to support decision-making and supervision of hunting activities on the national and local level.

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Community based management of the vicuna in the high Andes has benefited both the vicuna and livelihoods. Vicuna fibre is obtained from live wild animals and is sold for the production of clothing and accessories.

In the Bolivian village of Isoseño-Guarani a wildlife management program was created that uses hunting wildlife data generated by local hunters and technicians. There was data supplied by over 700 hunters and 33 cattle stations that detailed the species hunted and the population structure. Communities and authorities were then able to develop a regulation that included seasonal closures, internal zoning and plans for the commercial use of wildlife.

Legalizing markets and the consequences for poaching of wildlife species: The vicu~na as a case study


Heavy hunting pressure to supply up to 10 tonnes of wild meat every year to Ecuador’s largest wild meat market in Pompeya had led to the rapid depletion of all the large animal populations found in the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve and put the food security and livelihoods of the Waorani at risk. In collaboration with TRAFFIC, the Association of Waorani Women, developed an alternative income source by planting cocoa trees to produce top quality chocolate. The planting of cocoa trees in already degraded areas allowed families to generate enough cash to reduce the need to hunt many more mammals than their own protein needs require. The Waorani decided to stop the commercial hunting of wild animals and as a direct result, the wild meat market in Pompeya no longer exists.



Local communities in the Mamberamo-Foja region (Mamberamo Regency) of Papua (Indonesian New Guinea) are effective at protecting large areas of land and deter unregulated exploitation of wildlife.

Unseen sentinels: local monitoring and control in conservation’s blind spots


Governance systems of indigenous nomadic tribes and traditional communities in Iran continue in a diversity of bio-cultural landscapes and ecosystems, which include a variety of wetlands, marine and coastal ecosystems, deserts, forests, rangelands and grasslands. The unique characteristics of these indigenous community conserved areas have motivated the promotion and revival of natural resource governance and management systems in the ancestral and traditional territories which have sustained their way of life for thousands of years.

Dominican Republic

Turtle tourism in the Dominican Republic builds green economies and preserves marine biodiversity

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme