The Conference of the Parties
Expert group meetings and other inter-sessional meetings
Expanded programme of work
Noting that the elements for an expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity developed by the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, as annexed to its recommendation VII/6, constitute a comprehensive set of goals, objectives and activities required for the conservation of forest biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of forest genetic resources,
Underlining the sovereign rights and responsibilities of countries over their forests and the biodiversity within them;
The study should evaluate the link between the concepts in their application and the differences and similarities with a view to improve the conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, taking an integrated approach, and in accordance with Article 8(j) and related provisions. The study should be reported to and provide recommendations to the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice for consideration as part of its work on the ecosystem approach and to the United Nations Forum on Forests at its fourth session for information;
The resulting report should be submitted to the seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties for its consideration. The report should include recommendations for further implementation of the relevant areas of the work programme (element 1, goal 4, objective 2 and element 2, goal 1, objective 4), and should be provided for use by the liaison group on non-timber forest resources agreed in paragraph 42 of the present decision;
Collaboration on specific issues
Noting that both the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Forum on Forests have important and complementary roles in addressing the problem of forest biological diversity loss, that collaboration between the United Nations Forum on Forests and the Convention on Biological Diversity can strengthen their ability to support and guide immediate and effective action by governments and other bodies, and that such collaboration will also facilitate the integration of forest biodiversity considerations in national development programmes, which will be vital for effective implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity,
Recognizing that there are many other bodies addressing issues of relevance to forest biodiversity (for example, other members of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests including in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification), and collaboration with these bodies is also important,
EXPANDED PROGRAMME OF WORK ON FOREST BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
In undertaking this expanded programme of work, Parties, Governments, international and regional organizations and processes, civil society organizations and other relevant bodies and all relevant implementers are invited to take into account the following considerations:
PROGRAMME ELEMENT 1. CONSERVATION, SUSTAINABLE USE AND BENEFIT-SHARING
To apply the ecosystem approach to the management of all types of forests
Develop practical methods, guidelines, indicators and strategies to apply the ecosystem approach adapted to regional differences to forests both inside and outside protected forest areas as well as both in managed and unmanaged forests.
To reduce the threats and mitigate the impacts of threatening processes on forest biological diversity
Prevent the introduction of invasive alien species that threaten ecosystems, and mitigate their negative impacts on forest biological diversity in accordance with international law.
Mitigate the impact of pollution such as acidification and eutrophication on forest biodiversity
Mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on forest biodiversity
Taking into account the work of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Climate Change and Biodiversity:
To prevent and mitigate the adverse effects of forest fires and fire suppression
To mitigate effects of the loss of natural disturbances necessary to maintain biodiversity in regions where these no longer occur.
To prevent and mitigate losses due to fragmentation and conversion to other land uses
To protect, recover and restore forest biological diversity
Restore forest biological diversity in degraded secondary forests and in forests established on former forestlands and other landscapes, including in plantations.
Promote forest management practices that further the conservation of endemic and threatened species.
Ensure adequate and effective protected forest area networks.
To promote the sustainable use of forest biological diversity
Promote sustainable use of forest resources to enhance the conservation of forest biological diversity
Prevent losses caused by unsustainable harvesting of timber and non-timber forest resources.
Enable indigenous and local communities to develop and implement adaptive community-management systems to conserve and sustainably use forest biological diversity.
Taking into account the outcome of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Inter-Sessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity:
Develop effective and equitable information systems and strategies and promote implementation of those strategies for in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic diversity, and support countries in their implementation and monitoring.
Access and benefit-sharing of forest genetic resources
Promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits resulting from the utilization of forest genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge
Based on the Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of their Utilization, as adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its sixth meeting(48):
PROGRAMME ELEMENT 2: INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
Enhance the institutional enabling environment.
Improve the understanding of the various causes of forest biological diversity losses
Parties, Governments and organizations to integrate biological diversity conservation and sustainable use into forest and other sector policies and programmes.
Parties and Governments to develop good governance practices, review and revise and implement forest and forest-related laws, tenure and planning systems, to provide a sound basis for conservation and sustainable use of forest biological diversity.
Promote forest law enforcement and address related trade
Address socio-economic failures and distortions that lead to decisions that result in loss of forest biological diversity.
Mitigate the economic failures and distortions that lead to decisions that result in loss of forest biological diversity.
Increase public education, participation, and awareness.
Increase public support and understanding of the value of forest biological diversity and its goods and services at all levels.
PROGRAMME ELEMENT 3: KNOWLEDGE, ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING
To characterize and to analyse from forest ecosystem to global scale and develop general classification of forests on various scales in order to improve the assessment of status and trends of forest biological diversity.
Review and adopt a harmonized global to regional forest classification system, based on harmonized and accepted forest definitions and addressing key forest biological diversity elements.
Develop national forest classification systems and maps (using agreed international standards and protocols to enable regional and global synthesis).
To develop, where appropriate, specific forest ecosystems surveys in priority areas for conservation and sustainable use of forest biodiversity.
Improve knowledge on and methods for the assessment of the status and trends of forest biological diversity, based on available information.
Advance the development and implementation of international, regional and national criteria and indicators based on key regional, subregional and national measures within the framework of sustainable forest management.
Improve understanding of the role of forest biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
Conduct key research programmes on the role of forest biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
Improve the infrastructure for data and information management for accurate assessment and monitoring of global forest biological diversity.
Enhance and improve the technical capacity at the national level to monitor forest biological diversity, benefiting from the opportunities offered through the clearing-house mechanism, and to develop associated databases as required on a global scale.