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Tools and Guidelines

Marine protected areas guidance

  • Interactive Map (IMAP) of High Seas Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and key habitat distribution : Spatial databases containing information on marine areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction

    Developed through the collaboration between the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and UNEP-WCMC.

  • Establishing and managing marine protected areas

    Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2004) Technical Advice on the Establishment and management of a national system of marine and coastal protected areas. CBD Technical Series No. 13.

    Callum M. Roberts and Julie P. Hawkins (2000) Fully-protected marine reserves: a guide. WWF publication. Rodney Salm, John Clark, and Erkki Siirila (2000) Marine and Coastal Protected Areas: A guide for planners and managers, 3rd Edition. IUCN publication

    Kelleher, G. (1999) Guidelines for Marine Protected Areas. WCPA Best Practice Protected Area Guideline Series No. 3, IUCN publication

  • Monitoring marine protected areas

    Clive Wilkinson, Alison Green, Jeanine Almany and Shannon Dionne (2003) Monitoring Coral Reef Marine Protected Areas Version 1: A practical guide on how monitoring can support effective management of MPAs. Australian Institute of Marine Sciences

  • Evaluating MPA effectiveness

    Robert S. Pomeroy, John E. Parks, Lani M. Watson (2004) How is your MPA doing? A Guidebook of Natural and Social Indicators for Evaluating Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness. IUCN publication.

  • Coral reefs and other tropical marine ecosystems

    L. Bunce, P. Townsley, R. Pomeroy, R. Pollnac (2003) Socioeconomic Manual for Coral Reef Management. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network publication.

    Frank Talbot and Clive Wilkinson (2001) Coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses: a sourcebook for managers. ICRI, GCRMN and AIMS.

    Michael Mascia (2001) Designing Effective Coral Reef MPAs (Synthesizes the findings from MPA presentations given at the 9th International Coral Reef Symposium (Bali, Indonesia) and identifies select MPA policy and management implications).

    S. Westmacott, K. Teleki, S. Wells and J.M. West (2000) Management of Bleached and Severely Damaged Coral Reefs. IUCN publication.

  • Financial aspects of MPAs

    Barry Spergel and Melissa Moye (2004) Financing marine conservation – a menu of options. WWF Publication.

  • Legal aspects of MPAs

    Lee A. Kimball (2001) International Ocean Governance: Using International Law and Organizations to Manage Marine Resources Sustainably. IUCN publication.

  • Access to additional MPA-related publications

    IUCN marine publications: http://www.iucn.org/themes/marine/pubs/pubs.htm

    WFF marine publications: http://www.panda.org/news_facts/publications/marine/index.cfm

    Unites States marine protected areas library: http://mpa.gov/

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme