Implementation of the Convention
Initiatives in Protected Areas
A network of protected areas has been created in Azerbaijan, which are not evenly distributed across the country, although the main landscapes of ecological importance are represented within the protected areas system. The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources manages these reserves. In 1988 the government published a plan for the future development of the national protected areas system up to 2010, with a target for covering a total of 954,000 ha. To date the area covered by five of the protected areas has been increased by 36,600 ha, and they now cover a total area of 70,700 ha. In addition, a Presidential Decree established Ordubad National Park (12,131 ha), Shahbuz Strict Nature Reserve in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (3,139 ha), Gakh Strict Nature Reserve (36,836 ha), Shirvan National Park (54,373 ha) and Ag-Gol National Park (17,924 ha). Finally, in 2004, the Hirkan National Park was created on the base of Hirkan State Reserve with a total area of 21,435 ha of Lenkoran and Astara regions.
Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing
A Presidential Decree established the “State Commission of Genetic Resources on Biodiversity” in December 2002, whose main purpose is to implement measures in line with Azerbaijan’s commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to prevent the loss of genetic resources of plants, animals and microorganisms.