Status and Trends of Biodiversity
An estimate suggests that only 5% of all species present on this Caribbean island have been reported to date. However, many aspects of Bahamian biodiversity have been studied and are noteworthy. The Lucayan Caverns on Grand Bahama, reputably one of the largest submarine cavern systems in the world, are known to possess a number of endemic species. Research on some of the blue holes of Andros on a species of mosquito fish found only in the Bahamas shows that populations between blue holes differ greatly in body size and sex ratios. The lakes of San Salvador contain four species of sympatric pupfish (Cyprinodon), a situation known to exist in only one other place in the world. Insularity and an extensive shelf with productive coral reefs and other habitats, together with a large area of coastal wetlands (especially mangrove forests) contribute to the abundance and diversity of fish. In this regard, the Bahamas has greater abundance and diversity than the entire insular Caribbean. The Bahamian Hutia, the Fish Hawk, the Inagua and the Cat Island Turtles, the Bimini Boa, and the West Indian Flamingo constitute some of the rare species present on the island.
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
25 Protected Areas