Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Home to several types of ecosystems, Guinea’s mountain peaks rise up to 1752m and constitute precious water reservoirs. As a result, the Moyenne Guinée region is considered to be the “water castle” of Western Africa. The country states that the dense humid forests have suffered a dramatic change in recent decades, declining from the original 14 million ha to only 700 000 ha in 1989. The dense humid forests are greatly fragmented because of bush fires, intensive breeding, as well as inappropriate forestry and mining practices. On the other hand, some of Guinea’s forests still constitute amazing sites with respect to biodiversity. The Ziama forest and the Diécké forest constitute two of the 12 major sites for the conservation of biodiversity in West Africa. Overall, 6 926 species have been identified in Guinea, among which are the lion and the bush pig. Wood has a high economic value and is the source, along with charcoal, of 90% of the national energy consumption. More than 1200 plant species are used in traditional medicine for common diseases. The causes of biodiversity loss include: population increase; lack of awareness regarding the negative effects of common practices; lack of appropriate technology; low recognition of the economic value of biodiversity; lack of monitoring in regard to sectoral governmental policies on the overexploitation of biological resources; and lack of political stability and the civil wars in neighboring countries.
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Guinea’s protected area network is constituted of Ramsar sites, Classified Forests, Biosphere Reserves, Transboundary Protected Areas, Community Conservation Zones and Managed Natural Reserves. Overall, they cover approximately 17% of the national territory