Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Korea has very diverse forest ecosystems, partly due to the vast mountain ranges that cover 80% of the country’s topography. In addition, the country has inland water, agricultural, marine and coastal ecosystems. A recent survey indicates that there are 8,785 plant species, 9,970 animal species and 416 bird species. Due to its long history of agricultural development, DPR Korea is rich in crop genetic resources. DPR Korea has a high level of endemism, with 315 vascular plants and 41 vertebrate species endemic to the country. There are 158 higher plants and 157 vertebrate species identified as endangered or rare. Threats to biodiversity include loss and fragmentation of habitats, indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources, increasing production, natural calamities and environmental pollution.
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
DPR Korea has established a total of 233 protected areas.
Percentage of Forest Cover
The forest cover is 7,624,000 ha.