Status and Trends of Biodiversity
At present, Senegal’s wild fauna can only be found in national parks and reserves. The Niokolo Koba National Park alone holds 330 species of birds, 80 species of mammals, 60 species of fish, 36 species of reptiles, and 2 species of amphibians. In total, 10% of the country’s territory is currently under protection. The Senegal River Delta, another highly interesting site with respect to biodiversity, is the only ecosystem affected by invasive alien species issues. In addition, mangroves, niayes, and the Djoudj area are of particular interest because of their important biodiversity, ecological role and fragility. Senegal comprises 2 500 species of flower plants. Insects account for the greatest number of animals with 2 000 species, followed by mollusks, which, combined with fish species, amount to more than 1000 species. This illustrates the significance of a marine biodiversity that remains largely unknown. In Senegal, some species benefit from strict protection, such as elephants, sea turtles, Derby élans, and bamboo.