Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Much of the information on Afghanistan’s biodiversity is old and no longer reliable. Little significant information has been added since the onset of war in 1978. The few recent investigations have suggested that Afghanistan’s biodiversity has suffered enormously in the last three decades.
Afghanistan is comprised of 8 unique bio-geographical Provinces of which 7 belong to the Palaearctic Realm... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
The World Database of Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC 2006) lists 15 protected areas in Afghanistan. Seven were provided with formal recognition by the Government of Afghanistan in the 1970s and are recognized by IUCN (one Category II national park and 6 Category IV wildlife or waterfowl reserves). However, none are officially recognized by the current government (as they were never formally gazetted), none have official boundaries and none are managed as protected areas... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
Deciduous and evergreen true forests are limited to the monsoon-influenced eastern part of the country and once comprised about 5% of Afghanistan’s surface area. Recent analyses suggest that only 5% of these original forests may still exist. Open woodlands dominated by pistachio and juniper once comprised about 38% of Afghanistan... More »