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Bosnia and Herzegovina - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

According to experts, the ratio of the number of species to the total surface area of the country indicates that it is among the most biodiverse countries in Europe. Thirty percent (around 1,800 species) of flora endemic to the Balkans is found in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A variety of environmental conditions have resulted in diverse flora, fauna, fungi and habitat types... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The most intense pressures are conversion of habitats, over-exploitation of resources, pollution, climate change and invasive species. Also relevant are fires, activities (or lack thereof) in the agricultural, energy, mining and industrial sectors, and limited capacities for waste disposal.

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s first NBSAP was prepared for the 2008-2015 period however only adopted in 2011. Implementation of this NBSAP has not been completed in its entirety due to a lack of financial resources and the absence of professional institutions to lead expert and scientific activities. It should be noted that significant progress has nevertheless been made in regard to the development of Red Lists for both entities, strengthening the legal framework, establishment of gene banks, development and strengthening of biological and landscape diversity conservation activities through the water management sector, establishment of the national CHM and raising public awareness on biodiversity... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

As indicated in the fifth national report received in May 2014, significant progress has been achieved in regard to Targets 1, 2 and 17; little progress has been achieved in regard to Targets 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19 and 20; and no progress have been achieved in regard to Targets 3 and 10.

As mentioned above, 22 national goals have been proposed with consideration given to the global framework (ABTs) (see http://www.cbd.int/countries/targets/?country=ba)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The Law on Environmental Protection for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted in 2013 and the Law on Nature Protection for the Republika Srpska in 2014, both of which are harmonized with the EU Directives on Habitats and Birds. A decree on conditions for releasing waste waters into natural recipients and... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

There is a lack of an adequate biodiversity monitoring system in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Mehmed Cero
CBD Primary NFP
Mrs./Dr. Senka Barudanovic
SBSTTA NFP, GTI NFP
Mr./Dr. Sulejman Redzic
GSPC NFP
Mr. Branko Vucijak
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Mehmed Cero
BCH NFP
Dr. Nihada Ahmetovic
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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