Status and Trends of Biodiversity
The varieties of physical components, which have a correlation with the country’s biological diversity, include 4 biomes, 14 ecoregions and 199 ecosystems. The main biomes are jungle, forest, savannah, tundra, steppe, desert and wetlands. At the moment, more than 14,000 higher plant species, 325 mammals, 186 amphibians, 260 reptiles, 550 fish species and 1,379 birds are inventoried... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
There are over 40 protected areas in existence, legally created but with no proper management, and correspond to about 16% of the total national territory.