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Brazil - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Remark:
Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Brazil is the most biologically diverse country in the world. It is classified at the top among the world’s 17 megadiverse countries, and second only to Indonesia in terms of species endemism... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats to biodiversity are: fragmentation and loss of habitats, introduction of alien species and exotic illnesses, overexploitation of plants and animals, use of hybrids and monoculture in agro-industry and reforestation programs, pollution and climate change... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Brazil was one of the first South American countries to fully adopt a National Biodiversity Strategy, composed of a series of macro documents and initiatives developed for implementing the Convention... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Brazil has established a number of activities specifically related to implementing the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including: the establishment of ecological corridors; mosaics of protected areas; sustainable forest management, including non-timber products; sustainable agriculture (e.g... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Brazil has a long history of legal instruments related to environmental and biodiversity conservation. More recently, a more comprehensive system of environmental legislation has been developed... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Brazil has some systems in place to monitor processes (e.g. contracts have been implemented) and actions (e.g. number and size of protected areas created in a given period of time) but has not yet developed an instrument to monitor policy implementation... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Clarissa Nina
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
H.E. Mr. Jorge D'Escragnolle Taunay Filho
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Gustavo Martinelli
GSPC NFP
Dra. Rafaela Campostrini Forzza
GTI NFP
Mr. David Conway Oren
GTI NFP
Mr. Eduardo Couto Dalcin
CHM Informal Advisory Committee
Mrs. Ana Paula Leite Prates
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Clarissa Nina
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Davi de Oliveira Paiva Bonavides
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme