Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 14% of the planet’s biodiversity. Colombia possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components. The country counts 35,000 vascular plants, 467 mammal species, 1,768 bird species, 609 amphibian species and 475 reptile species... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Colombia, with the establishment of the National Nature Parks System has consolidated the conservation of more than 10 million acres, corresponding to 10% of the national territory. All ecosystems are represented within this protected area network, where dry forests and savannahs are the least abundant.
Percentage of Forest Cover
The primary terrestrial biomes in Colombia have undergone several changes. The areas covered by each type of biome are distributed as follows: 378,000 ha humid tropical forest, 1,200 ha of dry and sub-humid tropical forest, 9,500 ha desert and thicket, 45,000 ha Andean forest, 14,000 ha Amazonian savannahs, 1,000 ha Caribbean savannahs, and 3,300 ha of mangrove forests... More »