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Costa Rica - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.


Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Costa Rica has a large diversity of ecosystems grouped into the following categories: forests, wetlands, marine areas and agricultural areas. Costa Rica has identified a little over 87,000 species, which represents 6.2% of the known species in the world. The species distribution among taxa is as follows: 10,979 plant species and 2,430 vertebrate species including 935 fish, 857 birds, 243 mammals, 235 reptiles, and 182 amphibians... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

A total of 25.56% of the country is under some form of management category. National parks cover 12.26% of the country, biological reserves cover 0.42%, protected areas cover 3.07%, forest reserves cover 4.26%, wildlife refuges cover 3.42%, wetlands (including mangroves) cover 1.81%, national monuments cover 0.0045%, absolute reserves cover 0... More »

Percentage of Forest Cover

Forests cover about 40% of the national territory. Wetlands cover about 5% and mangroves cover 1% of the surface of the country.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The general objective of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan is the conservation and fair and equitable use of the country’s biodiversity. Thirteen strategic points were identified as the focus of the NBSAP including: adverse affects of socio and production activities; land planning; inter-institutional and intersectoral coordination; research and investigation; information exchange; indigenous knowledge; in situ and ex situ conservation; access to genetic resources (biosafety and biotechnology); internalization of costs for environmental services and incentives; marine and coastal resources; and national capacity for the management of biodiversity... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto
CBD Primary NFP
Lic. Eugenia Arguedas Montezuma
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Adriana Sequeira
Resource Mobilization FP
Sr. Mario Coto Hidalgo
CHM NFP
Mr. Marco Vinicio Araya
Protected Areas NFP
Sr. Armando Estrada Chavarria
GTI NFP
Ms. Maria Isabel Chavarria Espinoza
GSPC NFP
Mrs. Alejandra Loria Martinez
Traditional Knowledge NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ing. Alex May Montero
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme