Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Costa Rica has a large diversity of ecosystems grouped into the following categories: forests, wetlands, marine areas and agricultural areas. Costa Rica has identified a little over 87,000 species, which represents 6.2% of the known species in the world. The species distribution among taxa is as follows: 10,979 plant species and 2,430 vertebrate species including 935 fish, 857 birds, 243 mammals, 235 reptiles, and 182 amphibians... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
A total of 25.56% of the country is under some form of management category. National parks cover 12.26% of the country, biological reserves cover 0.42%, protected areas cover 3.07%, forest reserves cover 4.26%, wildlife refuges cover 3.42%, wetlands (including mangroves) cover 1.81%, national monuments cover 0.0045%, absolute reserves cover 0... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
Forests cover about 40% of the national territory. Wetlands cover about 5% and mangroves cover 1% of the surface of the country.