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Czech Republic - Overview

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Main References

National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The Czech Republic is an inland country in Central Europe. Its dominant physical elements are mountains and water systems. In spite of its relatively small size (78,866 km2), it is characterized by a high degree of wild plant and animal species richness, resulting from its geographical position at the boundaries between several biogeographical regions, morphological and geological diversity as well as from historical and cultural developments... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

Many areas within the country are highly affected by urbanization, intensive agriculture, forest management practices, and the development of new transport infrastructures. The Czech Republic displays high landscape and habitat diversity and there is no doubt that agricultural practices have contributed to an increase in these features... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The main objective of the National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic adopted in 2005 was to create a document for biodiversity conservation in the Czech Republic that would be both intersectoral and interdisciplinary. The National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic was prepared with consideration given to implementing the EU Biodiversity Action Plan to 2010... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The agricultural sector has taken numerous steps in agricultural biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of its components. Measures (e.g., ecological agriculture production, integrated production, sustainable grassland management, growing of intercrops, management of mesophilic and hydrophilic meadows, enhancement of landscape connectivity in farmland) have been carried out in High Nature Value Areas... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The Czech Republic has a policy objective of supporting the certification process of forests within the Pan-European Forest Certification system. The National Forest Programme (NFP) is also in place.

National legislation linked to biodiversity conservation exists for different areas (e.g., Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), breeding conditions, conservation of genetic resources of plants and microorganisms, invasive species, protection of nature and landscape, hunting and game-keeping, phytosanitary measures, fisheries)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

Freshwater quality monitoring is obligatory according to the EU Water Framework Directive (2000) and the National Water Act (2001). Almost 300 watercourse profiles and selected border streams are monitored 12 times a year according to various indicators. A wide range of organic substances and radioactive substances are also monitored... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mrs. Veronika Vilimkova
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Jiri Mach
CBD Secondary NFP, Resource Mobilization FP
Mr. Vlastimil Zedek
ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Handrij Härtel
Protected Areas NFP
Dr. Jan Krischner
GTI NFP
Dr. Jan Plesnik
CHM Informal Advisory Committee, SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Eva Merakova
CHM NFP
Ms. Zuzana Tollrianova
ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Zuzana Doubková
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme