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Algeria - Overview

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Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fifth National Report



Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Algerian biodiversity (natural and agricultural) is immensely rich, with approximately 16,000 known species overall. Known marine biodiversity amounts to 3,183 species and between 720 genera and 655 families. Marine flora is estimated to comprise 713 species, and up to 4,150 when littoral and island vegetation and marine and littoral ornithological fauna are considered... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to biodiversity are driven by human activity and include the destruction or overexploitation of biological resources, extension of cultivated areas (the surface of natural steppe vegetation has decreased by 50% since 1989), urbanization and infrastructure development, pollution, tourism and hunting. In the fishery sector, the number of fishing vessels increased from 2,400 in 1999 to 4,000 in 2005... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The Strategy and National Action Plan for the Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity (SPAN) were defined in 1997. They were strengthened in 2002 through the development and implementation of the National Action Plan for Environment and Sustainable Development (NAPE-SD), which incorporates global and national objectives on the promotion of the conservation of the biological diversity of ecosystems, habitats and biomes... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Algeria largely met the first global target for 2010. A vast network of protected areas is in place, covering 36.5% of the national territory, and representing most of the country’s ecosystems. Moreover, 10% of ecological regions nowadays benefit from actual conservation and protection systems. Management plans for national parks have been developed and implemented... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

A law on protected areas was adopted in 2011, within the context of sustainable development, and aims to protect representative samples of Algerian biodiversity in its entirety (from terrestrial to marine biodiversity, fragile or rare areas, as well as the habitats of threatened or vulnerable species).

In February 2011, Algeria also became a signatory to the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization, adopted by the tenth meeting of the Convention... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

An example of a monitoring tool for assessing the evolution of biodiversity conservation is the list of protected species elaborated by MATEV which, to date, includes 125 bird species, 56 mammal species, 46 reptile species, 144 insect species and 550 plant species.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mlle. Nadia Chenouf
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Son Excellence Smail Benamara
CBD Primary NFP
M. Amar ABBA
CBD Primary NFP
M. Amar Boumezbeur
ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mlle. Nadia Chenouf
BCH NFP
M. Amar ABBA
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme