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Ecuador - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Ecuador is one of the 17 megadiverse countries of the world. This diversity is due to the location of the country in the neotropics, the presence of the Andes and the influence of the ocean’s currents on its coasts... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threat to biodiversity conservation in Ecuador is deforestation, with Ecuador ranked second among Latin American countries in terms of highest levels of deforestation... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The National Biodiversity Policy and Strategy (Política y Estrategia Nacional de Biodiversidad del Ecuador (2001-2010)) addresses five main themes: fragile ecosystems (with a particular emphasis in pàramo, wetlands, mangroves, marine ecosystems and dry forest), strengthening of the protected areas national system and protection of threatened species, sustainable agriculture and the rehabilitation of degraded areas (emphasizing food security and sovereignty), biocommerce, biosafety and genetic resources... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Government has taken several important steps in the Galapagos Islands to support the conservation of biodiversity (e.g. conversion of 96% of land area into a national park, commitment to protect the Galapagos as a World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve, creation of the Marine Reserve of the Galapagos)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity has been integrated in the following sectors: agriculture, education, health, fisheries, water resources, mining and petroleum, tourism and commerce/industry... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Ecuador recognizes the need to revise the NBSAP for the next 10 years in order to address new and emerging problems, threats and trends. The National Development Plan highlights a number of protection and recovery initiatives related to forests (e.g... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Wilson Rojas
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Dr. Daniel Ortega Pacheco
CBD Primary NFP
Ab. Roberto Marcos Miranda
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Felipe Campos
Resource Mobilization FP
Lcda. Marcela Torres
GTI NFP
Sra. Stephanie Arellano
Protected Areas NFP
Blga. Gabriela Montoya
CHM NFP
Dr. Angel Onofa Guayasamin
SBSTTA NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Angel Onofa Guayasamin
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme