Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Estonia is the smallest (45,227 km2) and the northernmost of the Baltic States, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea. The main types of ecosystems are forests, mires, grasslands, inland waters, and coastal and marine habitats. The total number of species is estimated at 35,000 to 45,000, but only 24,000 species have been recorded to date... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
The extent of protected areas increased from 11% to 16% of the country’s territory following the selection and protection of the proposed Natura 2000 sites. The new areas have significantly contributed to the protection of raised bogs, calcareous grasslands, wooded and coastal meadows, old natural mixed forests, natural broadleaved deciduous forests, lakes, rivers, and marine habitats... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
The forest cover of Estonia is 51% and includes 71 distinct forest types.