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Estonia - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Estonia is the smallest and the northernmost state of the Baltic States. It is partly continental and also comprises about 1500 marine islands, 80% of which are small... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

More intensive production farming methods have increased pollution and soil degradation. The main threats to agriculture are economic globalization and trade subsidies... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Although Estonia ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994, the goals of the Convention remain poorly understood by society at large... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In 2003, 10.7% of terrestrial lands were protected which later increased to 16% with the creation of the European Natura 2000 Network, comprising 66 bird sites and 509 habitat sites, some with partial or complete overlap... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Payment of subsidies to support the maintenance and restoration of semi-natural communities was started in 2001 and organized by the State Nature Conservation Centre... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Indicators directly covering protected species and objects are collected by the Estonian Environment Information Centre. The Red Data Book has also been compiled and respective species are monitored... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Kadri Auvaart
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Lauri Klein
CHM NFP
Ms. Ulle Reier
GTI NFP
Prof. Tiiu Kull
GSPC NFP
Ms. Kristel Järve
ICNP ABS NFP
Mrs. Leelo Kukk
Protected Areas NFP
Ministry of the Environment
ABS Competent National Authorities

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Kristel Järve
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme