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Eritrea - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Eritrea lies in the northeastern corner of the Horn of Africa, bordered by Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti with a coastal front along the Red Sea. Habitats and ecosystems found in Eritrea include Juniperus forests, riverine forests, coral reefs and traditional farming systems... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Historically, Eritrea’s degraded environment was largely attributed to mismanagement and neglect of environmental issues. Marine ecosystems however remained relatively unaffected due to a lack of infrastructure for a fishing industry but could become threatened in the future... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In an attempt to address the neglect and mismanagement to its natural resources, Eritrea prepared its NBSAP in 2000. The NBSAP was implemented in regard to three major core areas and aims: rehabilitation of degraded terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable development in the use of marine resources and sustainable utilization of agricultural biodiversity/resources for food security... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Eritrea has taken steps towards the 2020 targets, including: the implementation of the forest and wildlife conservation and development law; increasing the area of enclosures; conducting various surveys and data collection on marine biodiversity in view of supporting coastal marine and island planning; and management activities to promote the conservation of species diversity... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Support mechanisms for the facilitation of the implementation of the NBSAP include legislation with specific reference to biodiversity issues. These issues have been integrated into sectoral and national policies, strategies and programmes... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The fourth national report contains possible indicators for determining whether specific targets of the 2010 Biodiversity Target have been achieved, but no new ones have been developed for the 2020 targets... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Mogos Woldeyohannis
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Abraham Yohannes
CHM NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Mogos Woldeyohannis
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Abraham Yohannes
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme