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Fiji - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans

Fifth National Report



Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Fiji consists of more than 300 islands, most of which are volcanic, and about 100 are inhabited, covering a total land area of 18,376 square kilometers... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Fiji’s biodiversity is constantly under pressure from all sectors. The main driver of threats to Fiji’s biodiversity is economic development and is mostly human induced... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Fijian NBSAP (FNBSAP) was completed in 1999 and endorsed by Cabinet in 2003, but suffered from a lack of clear demarcation of the roles of the different stakeholders... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In terms of protected areas, the country already counts over 100 Locally Managed Marine Protected Areas (LMMAs). Fiji has identified its Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) and Important Bird Areas (IBAs), nationally significant wetland sites, fish aggregation and spawning sites... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the most common tools used in Fiji for mainstreaming biodiversity issues. Its utilization is rendered obligatory under the Environment Management Act 2005 which requires that all development will undergo an EIA prior to any development of an area or site... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Monitoring is carried out through programs and institutions such as the Koronivia research station which is responsible for crop and livestock verification and available programs on reproduction for plants and animals and the maintenance of Fiji’s diversity for plants and livestock... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Sarah Joseph Tawaka
SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP, GTI NFP, GSPC NFP
Ms. Eleni Rova Marama Tokaduadua
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Ms. Elizabeth Erasito
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Sarah Joseph Tawaka
BCH NFP
Ms. Eleni Rova Marama Tokaduadua
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme