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Haiti - Overview

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Main References

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In spite of severe environmental degradation problems, Haiti has, together with the Dominican Republic, the second most diverse flora in the Caribbean... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Some major factors and driving forces have contributed to biodiversity loss in Haiti. They include: poverty and population growth that negatively impact natural ecosystems and drive the erosion of biological diversity; introduction of alien species; habitat fragmentation due to increasing pressure from the agricultural sector and other human activities (such as urban development and transportation corridors); institutional issues characterized by the following (confusing roles among several institutions involved in biodiversity, lack of a strong commitment of the NGO community to conservation causes, political instability and fragility of the institutions, lack of well-trained human resources in biological sciences, conservation biology and protected area management, poor financial support for managing biodiversity, lack of political support to the Ministry of Environment, among other factors); policies that fail to integrate biodiversity concerns into non-environmental sectors (National Development Agenda), interagency conflicts and contradictory policies among them, regressive taxation, etc.)... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Haitian Government initiated a GEF Biodiversity Protection Enabling Activity to prepare a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and establish a Clearing House Mechanism with assistance from the World Bank... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Action Plan identified six programmes to be implemented with objectives, components, stakeholders involved, and sources of funding: conservation and management of biodiversity in coastal and marine ecosystems in the northeast, north, Artibonite departments and the satellite islands; biodiversity protection and sustainable development in the Nippes and Grande Anse regions; sustainable management of the main lakes and ponds and conservation of wetlands in the main Lite Islands of Haiti; sustainable valorization of Haitian biodiversity with a particular accent on the use of medicinal plants in Haiti, ecotourism and agrobiodiversity; extension and strengthening of national systems of protected areas in Haiti; and poverty alleviation through biodiversity conservation... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Legislation that is in place to support biodiversity-related issues comprises the General Law on the Environment (La Loi Cadre sur l’Environnement) and the General Law on Water which includes important articles on a National Fund for Water Management and measures to protect groundwater... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Currently, there are no mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation in place.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

S.E. M. Jean François Thomas
Protected Areas NFP, GSPC NFP
M. Paul Judex Edouarzin
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Mme. Martine Elisabeth Mathieu
SBSTTA NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Yves-Robert Personna
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme