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Iran (Islamic Republic of) - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Most of Iran is located in the Palaearctic realm and is considered the center of origin of many genetic resources of the world, including many of the original strains of commercially valuable plant species, such as wheat and medicinal/aromatic species... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Iran’s environment is under a lot of pressure and faces many threats, such as: desertification, soil erosion, overgrazing, loss of traditional knowledge, lack of awareness, population pressure, unsustainable consumption/production levels and over-exploitation... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Iran’s NBSAP (2003) is based on the outcomes of many workshops and studies that attempted to link together research results, uses and policies. Reports addressing the following five topics of biodiversity served as the basis for analysis: a) the intersection of social, political and economic issues in biodiversity assessment; b) land use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries; c) biodiversity status at ecosystem, species and genetic levels; d) links between cultural (traditional knowledge and religious beliefs) and biodiversity; and e) the study of sensitive ecosystems... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The following activities contained in Iran’s current Biodiversity Action Plan have contributed (and continue to contribute) to the achievement of the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets:

• Development of principles, guidelines, policies and procedures for formal education curricula and informal education modules in biodiversity conservation;

• Awareness-raising among specialists and other human resource groups about the different aspects of biodiversity;

• Plan for the use of social institutions in biodiversity conservation, promoting awareness and strengthening public participation, particularly in regard to local stakeholders and communities;

• Comprehensive program for protecting traditional knowledge, innovations and practices related to biodiversity conservation;

• Strengthening of research infrastructure related to biodiversity conservation;

• Development and establishment of means for national biodiversity assessment, monitoring and reporting;

• Compilation of principles, strategies, policies and regulations for biotechnology development;

• Development and strengthening of international and regional cooperation in biodiversity conservation matters;

• Development and implementation of strategies in development sectors;

• Strengthening of national legal and jurisdictional procedures for biodiversity conservation;

• Strengthening of economic and environmental considerations in national management systems for biodiversity resources;

• Strengthening of land use planning in the country;

• Development of principles, policies and regulations for the application of environmental rules;

• Development of cleaner industrial production procedures;

• Development of sustainability indicators and a plan for their application in biodiversity-related activities;

• Development and implementation of a comprehensive plan for ecotourism;

• Development and implementation of an integrated plan for agrobiodiversity conservation;

• Establishment of a proper structure for coordinating biodiversity-related activities of governmental organizations;

• Organization of forest and rangeland rehabilitation activities;

• Support for in situ and ex situ biodiversity, emphasizing endangered plant and animal species;

• Strengthening of the protected areas network; confronting biodiversity loss;

• Conservation of aquatic biomes; and

• Conservation of endangered species... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

One of the most important pieces of legislation for supporting the implementation of the Convention is Article 50 of the Constitution, which declares that the current generation has a public duty to safeguard the environment for the benefit of future generations... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

It is hoped that the NBSAP project will be followed up in the Fifth National Development Plan. However, a clear and accurate assessment of progress will not be possible without a suite of indicators and a transparent monitoring mechanism which currently do not exist... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Peiman Seadat
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Shahabaddin Montazamy
ABS Competent National Authorities
Ms. Mahboobe Tohidi
SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Alireza Naderi
GTI NFP
Mr. Farshad Fattahi
ABS Competent National Authorities
Mr. Habib Allah Haghi
CHM NFP
Mr. Farhang Ghasriani
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Nasrin Sadat Esmailzadeh
BCH NFP
Mr. Behzad Ghareyazie
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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