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Italy - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Italy is extremely rich in biodiversity; it has the highest number and density of both animal and plant species within the European Union, as well as a high rate of endemism. This rich biodiversity is in large part due to its range of biogeographic regions, which are the Alpine region, the Continental region and the Mediterranean region, providing differences in climate, topography and geology... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The outcome of the third national report on implementation of the Habitats Directive shows that anthropic threats are stable in number and trends, and are expected to stay this way in the short and medium terms.

In particular, impacts are generated by changes in ecosystems stemming from human activities (e.g... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Adopted in October 2010, the National Biodiversity Strategy (NBS) aims to merge and integrate biodiversity conservation targets and sustainable use of natural resources within sectoral policies, thereby implementing the vision of the Strategy which states: “Biodiversity and ecosystem services, our natural capital, are preserved, valued and, insofar as possible, restored for their intrinsic value so that they can continue to support economic prosperity and human well-being despite the profound changes that are taking place globally and locally”... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Italy is strongly committed to the implementation of the Strategic Plan and is making significant progress to achieve all Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and encouraged by the following results:

• Good collaboration has been established with the agricultural and forestry sectors.

• Interministerial activity for the development of the National Strategy for Resource Mobilization for Biodiversity... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

In Italy, legislation is the basis for many projects and actions for biodiversity conservation. The Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea was established in 1986 (Law 349). A Framework Law on Protected Areas (Law 394/91) and the Law for Sea Protection (Law 979/82), and respective subsequent amendments and integrations, comprise the main regulatory principles for terrestrial and marine protected areas in Italy... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The NBS will be implemented from 2011 to 2020. In 2015, a shared and in-depth assessment of the validity of the Strategy’s approach will be conducted, and a decision taken on whether adjustments are needed to the Strategy. A report on the status of NBS implementation will be issued every two years, dealing with progress made towards the achievement of strategic objectives and other specific goals in the individual work areas, and require approval by the National Biodiversity Committee... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Renato Grimaldi
CBD Primary NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Mr. Felice Cappelluti
CBD Secondary NFP
Ms. Anna Maria Maggiore
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Vittorio De Cristofaro
SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Maria Carmela Giarratano
Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Eugenio Duprè
CHM NFP
Mrs. Nicoletta Tartaglini
GTI NFP, GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Renato Grimaldi
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mrs. Marina Andreella
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme