Status and Trends of Biodiversity
The Italian Ministry of Environment, Directorate for Nature Protection, published in 2005 a report written by more than 100 researchers and experts (botanist, zoologist, forestry, etc.) concerning the status and trends of Biodiversity in Italy, which presents an up-to-date scenario of national knowledge on biodiversity... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
In Italy, there are 774 protected areas: 23 national parks, 22 marine natural reserves, 146 state natural reserves, 2 archaeological submerged museums, 1 international marine sanctuary for cetaceans protection, 105 regional parks, 335 regional natural reserves, 141 other protected areas.
The total land surface of protected areas amounts to 2... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
The surface cover of forests in Italy is estimated at 10.673.589 ha and results as being on the increase. Thirty-five percent of the Italian territory is currently covered by forests. The rate of increase was 0.3% per year in the decade 1990-2000, compared to European average of 0.1%. Thirty-two percent of Italian forest formations come within the Alpine biogeographical region, 16% in the continent biogeographical region and 52% in the Mediterranean region... More »