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Nigeria - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Nigeria spans different climatic and ecological zones and therefore occupies a unique geographic position in Africa. The diversity of the country’s natural ecosystems ranges from semi-arid savanna to mountain forests, rich seasonal floodplain environments, rainforests, vast freshwater swamp forests and diverse coastal vegetation... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main causes of habitat destruction are linked to farming methods (e.g. agricultural intensification practices, including the use of fertilizers and pesticides; increased land drainage; channelization of water courses and the eutrophication of water bodies; reduction in the extent of hedgerows and the loss of farm ponds)... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Nigeria’s NBSAP was completed in 2006. It aimed to urgently establish measures to conserve dwindling resources and reduce further damage to biodiversity... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

An important obstacle to wildlife conservation was linked to the fact that conservation areas included the traditional hunting grounds of the communities living around these areas, thereby denying them their hunting rights... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The country has developed various strategies and programmes for the sound and sustainable management of biodiversity, promoting sustainable and adequate levels of funding, and integrated human development programmes that address issues such as income generation, increased local control of resources, strengthening of local institutions and capacity-building, and greater involvement of community-based and non-governmental organizations and the lower tiers of government as delivery mechanisms... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The existing Biodiversity Action Plan established a framework for the continuous assessment and monitoring of biodiversity and a system for measuring the achievement of the stated targets... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

H.E. Mrs. Laurentia Laraba Mallam
ABS Competent National Authorities
Mr. Salisu M. Dahiru
CBD Primary NFP
Dr. John Onyekuru
CBD Secondary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, Resource Mobilization FP
Mr. William Etim Okon
GSPC NFP
Ms. Halima Bawa-Bwari
GTI NFP
Mrs. Benedicta Olayinka Falana
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Shehu Ndaman
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Raheef Ademola Usman
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Rufus Ebegba
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme