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Nicaragua - Overview

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fourth National Report



Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Nicaragua is a tropical country located between 11°-15° north latitude. It contains an important heritage of biodiversity, as well as the largest and best preserved tracts of tropical rainforests and lowland ecosystems in Central America. Its coastline consists of 463 km in the Caribbean and 372 km in the Pacific, corresponding to 13% of the coasts of Central America... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to Nicaraguan biodiversity can be classified into two broad categories: anthropogenic threats and threats from natural phenomena. Among them are the following:

• Ecosystem transformation

• Irrational exploitation of resources

• Pollution

• Construction... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Nicaragua elaborated the National Biodiversity Strategy in 2001, which is based on 6 objectives and strategic lines, namely:

• Improve biodiversity conservation, with consideration given to its integral role in the country’s development.

• Promote the economic viability of biodiversity, taking into account its richness and economic value, as well as the costs of its degradation for the country... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

As stated in the previous section, Nicaragua is in the process of revising the National Biodiversity Strategy, a part of which is to mainstream the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The guidelines of the National Human Development Plan (NHDP), which is the framework driving the country’s development, are contributing to implementing the global targets... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The Government of Reconciliation and National Unity has established participatory public management and direct democracy as a practice promoting the participation of citizens, allowing for a wider involvement of organized citizenry and resulting in greater decision-making power, assumption of shared and harmonized responsibilities in local human development management among the different levels of government... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The National Environmental Information System (SINIA) is an established system for integrating the national environmental information network, constituted by public and private institutions, environmental organizations, universities, research centres, municipal and regional governments. These entities generate, exchange and make use of technical and scientific information on the state of the environment and natural resources, while also providing information for improving environmental management and increasing public awareness and education... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Sr. Carlos Ramiro Mejía Urbina
CBD Primary NFP
Lic. Freddy Rivera Umanzor
SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ing. MSc. Edilberto Duarte López
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme