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Panama - Overview

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Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

One of the major features affecting the biodiversity of Panama is the Isthmus of Panama and its geological history. The diversity of ecosystems includes: several types of humid tropical forest, coastal and marine ecosystems and freshwater systems. The Catalogue of the vascular plants of Panama (2004) identifies 9,520 vascular plant species, 1,144 of which are endemics... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

The National System of Protected Areas (SINAP) represents the principle force for the conservation of the country’s extraordinary biological richness in situ. With 65 official designation protected areas, Panama has 2,600,018.050ha of land under the National System of Protected Areas, which covers about 34.43% of the total land area... More »

Percentage of Forest Cover

By the year 2000, the country had placed 44.91% (OIMT-ANAM 2000) of its forested area under conservation measures and the net rate of deforestation for the period 1992-2000 was 41,321 ha, representing a recovery of almost 6,000 ha/year compared to the immediately preceding period (1986-1992) through a combination of reforestation and regeneration of native forest... More »

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The National Strategy contains a long-term vision, formulated largely from a consultation process, and presents several general strategic objectives. The overall objective of the National Strategy is to establish a coherent framework of national, sectoral and regional policies oriented to the protection, conservation, restoration, utilization, knowledge and valuation of biodiversity, with the aim of contributing to an elevation in the quality of life for the Panamanian population... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Presently, ANAM is carrying out a set of processes to elaborate some studies closely related to biodiversity policy. For example: the elaboration of Rules to access Panamanian genetic resources and its sustainable use, as well as the benefits arising from such, for the implementation of article 71 of the Environmental General Law; regulation of articles 94 and 95 of the Environmental General Law concerning “Exploitation, management and conservation of the marine and coastal resources in the protected areas of Panama”; regulation by law of the proceedings, administrative and technical rules to incorporate the sustainability and rationality concepts into the exploitation of flora, fauna and water resources; regulations to establish the proceedings and technical mechanisms for creation of protected areas to be included into the National System of Protected Areas (SINAP), through laws, rules, regulation bylaws and/or municipal agreements; the elaboration of technical and jurisdictional regulations for ecotourism at the national level, in order to guarantee the conservation of natural resources and sustainable development through general public participation... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

An analysis of the diverse natural processes of the protected areas, their current situation, the connectivity of the ecosystems, the extent to which these eco systems are represented within the SINAP, the health of the habitats, conservation of key species, biological diversity, the conservation of endemic species and the natural state of evolutionary processes, indicates that the vital processes of the protected areas within the Atlantic region have been preserved almost unchanged, with pristine environments and a high degree of conservation... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

The Atlantic Panamanian Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Project (CBMAP), operated by the National Environment Authority of Panama (ANAM), promotes actions and contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity on the Atlantic side of the country, through land use practices which comply with biological, social and economic priorities, and improve the quality of life of indigenous and local communities... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Lic. Santiago López
CBD Primary NFP
Sra. Mirei Endara
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Ricardo Rivera
SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Sr. Darío Luque
CHM NFP, GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sr. Darío Luque
BCH NFP
Billy Ubillus
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing

Sr. Darío Luque
Nagoya Protocol NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme