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Papua New Guinea - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fourth National Report



Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and many outlying islands to the north and east, with a land area of about 462,243 km2, a coastline of 20,197 km and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 3,120,000 km2... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The major threats to biodiversity include rapid and substantial forest degradation, unregulated fisheries, pollution from both sea and land, and activities of industries... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Implementation of Papua New Guinea’s NBSAP (2007) has been slow and uncoordinated and lacking adequate funding and capacity allocations. Its main goals are to: 1) conserve, sustainably use, and manage the country’s biological diversity; 2) strengthen and promote institutional and human capacity-building for biodiversity conservation, management and sustainable use; 3) strengthen partnership and promote coordination for conserving biodiversity; 4) strengthen existing protected areas and ensure that protected areas for terrestrial species and marine species are increased to 10% by 2010 and 2012, respectively; 5) ensure a fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of genetic and ecosystem resources; 6) promote and strengthen research of the country’s biological diversity and the sustainable development of the country’s biological resources; 7) establish measures for the sustainability of biodiversity use, incentives and alternatives; and 8) promote education and public awareness... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Papua New Guinea has identified nine terrestrial and five marine ecoregions to serve as reporting units for assessing the status of species and ecosystems and their protection in Papua New Guinea’s Protected Area system... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The New Organic Law on Provincial and Local-Level Governments provides the institutional framework for the planning process in Papua New Guinea... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Despite a number of wildlife surveys conducted in the country, there is a lack of scientific and social data. However, for the first time, the terrestrial and marine ecoregions will become the reporting unit for assessing the status of species and ecosystems and their protection in the Protected Area System, once endorsed by the National Executive Council... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Wari Iamo
CBD Primary NFP
Dr. Navu Kwapena
SBSTTA NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Wari Iamo
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme