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Pakistan - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Main References


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Pakistan has a great variety of landscapes. While riverine forests grow along the banks of rivers, mangrove forests are found in the Indus delta as well as along the coast, and corals have been discovered along the Baluchistan coast... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The major threats to terrestrial ecosystems are from overgrazing and deforestation due to high population pressure and increasing poverty. The diversion of water for irrigation has adversely impacted the ecology of mangrove and riparian ecosystems... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Pakistan completed a Biodiversity Action Plan in the year 2000, which became a de facto biodiversity policy instrument for the country. The BAP has been a useful document and provided overall guidance and reference material... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

While it has still not reached the threshold level necessary for making significant progress on CBD implementation, Pakistan has already made reasonable progress towards the achievement of the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Conservation concerns in Pakistan were first addressed in the National Conservation Strategy (NCS) approved in 1992. The NCS was followed by the formulation of provincial conservation strategies that have been prepared for all provinces... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The institutional mechanism for implementation of the Biodiversity Action Plan has remained weak. Implementation progress has also suffered due to a lack of adequate human and financial resources... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Naeem Ashraf Raja
CBD Primary NFP, CHM Informal Advisory Committee, SBSTTA NFP, GTI NFP, GSPC NFP
Mr. Abdul Munaf Qaimkhani
CBD Secondary NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Dr. Shahzad Jehangir
CHM NFP
Mr. Umeed Khalid
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Syed Mahmood Nasir
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme