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Romania - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Romania lies at the geographic centre of Europe and possesses five of the ten biogeographic regions officially recognized by the European Union (alpine, continental, panonic, pontic, steppe), making it the most biogeographically diverse country of the EU... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Invasive species constitute a major problem for agriculture, forests and fisheries. Also, the new agriculture-dominated landscape and urban influences have negatively affected rivers and wetlands, which, combined with poaching and dredging, have contributed to significant losses in commercial fishing in recent years... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity objectives established for Romania, in order of priority, include: the development of the legislative framework and institutional capacity; the organization of the national network of protected areas; the conservation of species with high economic value; the integration of the NBSAP into national, sectoral and local strategies and policies; and the protection, conservation and restoration of biodiversity outside protected areas and of biodiversity specific to agro-systems... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Water quality is evaluated according to the methodology and principles of the Integrated Monitoring System of Waters in Romania (SMIAR), which was restructured according to the requirements of the European Directives... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Romania has a comprehensive legal framework that can be directly or indirectly applied to environmental protection. There is however a lack of clear regulations for ensuring actions regarding technical and scientific cooperation... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

A system for biodiversity monitoring has not yet been established, however some wild species and habitats are included in programs and research projects undertaken by universities, museums, research institutes and some NGOs... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Alina Frim
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Nicolae Manta
CBD Secondary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Ms. Roxana Ionescu
CHM NFP
Prof. Dr. Angheluta Vadineanu
SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Ramona Cherăscu
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Roxana Ionescu
BCH NFP
Ms. Adriana Ivanus
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme