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Rwanda - Overview

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Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Rwanda, a small country in the heart of Central Africa, possesses several natural ecosystems like forests, savanna, lakes, rivers and marshes. Approximately 10% of the national territory is dedicated to the protection of natural ecosystems and their biodiversity. Rwanda belongs to a zone of global ecological importance called “Albertine Rift Eco-region”... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

Rwanda has four protected areas covering 10% of the national territory. These are the Nyungwe National Park (924 000 hectares), Volcanoes National Park (12 000 hectares), Akagera National Park (90 000 hectares), and the Rugezi wetland (6 735 hectares).

Percentage of Forest Cover

Forests cover 12% of the national territory, including natural and planted forests. There are also programmes promoting agro-forestry and the national objective is to reach 25% of forest cover by 2011 and 30% by 2020.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The strategy focuses on five major aims: improved conservation of protected areas and wetlands; sustainable use of biodiversity in natural ecosystems and agro-ecosystems; rational use of biotechnology; development and strengthening of policy, institutional, legal and human resources frameworks; and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the use of biological resources... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Objectives related to the conservation of ecosystems have been established in legislation as well as documents, such as strategies. They include the improvement of protected areas and wetlands conservation, the restoration of degraded sites, and the recovery of threatened species. Protected areas cover 10% of the national territory... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

Concerns related to protected areas have been integrated into plans and legislation. For example, the organic law on the environment includes aspects regarding impacts assessments and the protection of wetlands of importance to biodiversity.

Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing

Measures related to the fair and equitable sharing of results are defined in the law on intellectual property that is currently under revision. Capacity building, in terms of, among others, assessment and inventory of resources, access to these resources, and techniques for the elaboration of reports and legislative texts,... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

Awareness raising and community participation, with a particular focus on women and youth, constitutes one of the strategies of the implementation of the national policy on environment.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Marie Laetitia Busokeye
CBD Primary NFP
Mrs. Thérèse Musabe
SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Djuma Nsanzimana
CHM NFP
Mr. Jean Rwihaniza Gapusi
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. François Bizimungu
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Emmanuel Kabera
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme