العربية  |  English  |  Español  |  Français  |  Русский

Sudan - Overview

Hide map
Legend:
    CBD Party
    CBD & CPB Party
 
    Non Party
    Selected country
Disclaimer:
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Remark:
Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Sudan is divided into 5 distinct ecological zones: the desert, semi-desert, woodland savanna, flood region and montane vegetation. Even though Sudan is rich in its diversity of ecosystems, habitats, species and genetic resources, no coordinated comprehensive surveys have been carried out. However, indicators and observations show that there is a declining trend and diversity loss in many components... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

Eight National Parks exist with a total area of about 8.5 million ha, representing 3.2% of the country’s area. Two national parks are declared “biosphere reserves” and one is a marine park in the Red Sea Coast. There are also 11 game reserves with a total of 3.3 million ha constituting 1.3% of Sudan’s total area, and 3 game sanctuaries with a total area of 95,000ha... More »

Percentage of Forest Cover

The estimated tree cover for Sudan is between 36-43%. The desert zone occupies 29% of the total land area of the country. The semi-desert occupies 13% and is confined to the western parts of Sudan.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The final goal of the action plan is the conservation of the components of Sudan biological diversity, whether plant, animal or microorganism, to enhance the opportunities for their utilization. The intermediate goals are broken down into the following example categories and have several measures/incentives for each one: filling the gaps in scientific knowledge; agricultural biodiversity; forestry provenance research; documentation; property rights; organizational structures; requirements for start-up; Nile water development projects; Sudan environment debt and economic valuation... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Awareness raising is the area that has seen most progress in regard to biodiversity related issues. Many sectors have recognized the concept of biodiversity and the approach has changed to that of a more holistic one. Plans and schemes to combat desertification and deal with climate change matters started considering synergies with biodiversity... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

The Third National Report mentions that the examination of the cognitive foundations of indigenous knowledge, traditional ecological knowledge, ethnoecology and ethnobotany constitutes an activity of interest. Rural areas of Sudan are rich in biodiversity and rural people represent the real custodians of biodiversity. These rural areas are replete with traditional knowledge that is contributing to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Elkhitma ElAwad Mohamed Ahmed
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Dr. Abdelbagi Mukhtar Ali Ghanim
ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Elkhitma ElAwad Mohamed Ahmed
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Dr. Abdelbagi Mukhtar Ali Ghanim
BCH NFP

Rate this page - 83 people have rated this page 
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme