Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Sudan is divided into 5 distinct ecological zones: the desert, semi-desert, woodland savanna, flood region and montane vegetation. Even though Sudan is rich in its diversity of ecosystems, habitats, species and genetic resources, no coordinated comprehensive surveys have been carried out. However, indicators and observations show that there is a declining trend and diversity loss in many components... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Eight National Parks exist with a total area of about 8.5 million ha, representing 3.2% of the country’s area. Two national parks are declared “biosphere reserves” and one is a marine park in the Red Sea Coast. There are also 11 game reserves with a total of 3.3 million ha constituting 1.3% of Sudan’s total area, and 3 game sanctuaries with a total area of 95,000ha... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
The estimated tree cover for Sudan is between 36-43%. The desert zone occupies 29% of the total land area of the country. The semi-desert occupies 13% and is confined to the western parts of Sudan.