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Singapore - Overview

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Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.3)

Fourth National Report



National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Singapore is a tropical island city-state with a land area of about 710 km2, consisting of one main island and about 60 smaller offshore islands... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats to species arise from habitat loss and degradation, pollution, poaching, and competition from alien species. Land reclamation along Singapore’s coast has decreased the coral reef cover by about 60%... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Before the launch of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) in September 2009, the Singapore Green Plan served as the NBSAP, the first of which was produced in 1992 and the second in 2002... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Singapore has established 2 National Parks and 4 Nature Reserves, which are legally protected under the Trees and Parks Act (2005). Nature Reserves are legally protected areas with key representative indigenous ecosystems... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The National Parks Board is designated as Singapore’s scientific authority on nature conservation and assumes the role of national focal point for the CBD... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Surveys and monitoring work by the National Parks Board, the National University of Singapore, the Nanyang Technological University, other research scientists and nature enthusiasts have unravelled new discoveries and rediscoveries... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Lena Chan
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Wendy Yap Hwee Min
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Yixiong Cai
GTI NFP
Mr. Muslim Anshari Rahman
CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP, GTI NFP, GSPC NFP
Mr. Hassan Ibrahim
GSPC NFP
Ms. Cheryl CHIA Siew Wah
CHM NFP
Mr. Jeremy Woon Ren Wei
ICNP ABS NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Geoffrey Davison
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Marcus Ong Chun Chuan
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme