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Singapore - Overview

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Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.3)

Fourth National Report



National Websites

Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Over 50% of Singapore’s land area is urbanized. More than 880ha of coral reefs have been mapped within Singapore’s national boundary. Singapore hosts more than 400 bird species (about 167 breeding residents) of which about 73 are presumed extirpated since 1819, and 79 are considered locally threatened. However, historical figures are based on some guesswork... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

Singapore has established 2 National Parks and 4 Nature Reserves, which are legally protected under the Trees and Parks Act (2005). Here, some of Singapore’s key indigenous ecosystems are found, including lowland Dipterocarp forest, mangroves and freshwater swamp forest, seagrass beds, mudflats, and coral reefs.

Percentage of Forest Cover

The total protected forest cover is 2,000ha (about 3% of land area).

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Singapore has adopted a multi-prong approach to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. The Singapore Green Plan 2012 currently serves the role of a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) Master Plan 2003 guides land use. There are 17 Nature Areas and 4 Nature Reserves captured under the Special and Detailed Control Plans of the URA Master Plan 2003 and the Singapore Green Plan 2012... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

The National Parks Board (NParks) is working in partnership with the public, private and people sectors to implement a Plant Conservation Strategy project that aims to restore, maintain and reduce the decline of rare and threatened plant species in Singapore. The Bird Conservation Strategy aims to monitor bird populations at key sites, and propose and implement methods for maintaining and increasing the populations of indigenous species... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Lena Chan
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Wendy Yap Hwee Min
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Yixiong Cai
GTI NFP
Mr. Muslim Anshari Rahman
CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP, GTI NFP, GSPC NFP
Mr. Hassan Ibrahim
GSPC NFP
Ms. Cheryl CHIA Siew Wah
CHM NFP
Mr. Jeremy Woon Ren Wei
ICNP ABS NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Geoffrey Davison
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Marcus Ong Chun Chuan
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme