Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Syria is situated in the south-west of Asia to the east of the Mediterranean, and is dominated by a Mediterranean climate in its coastal and mountain parts, and by dry or subhumid conditions inland. The national country study on biodiversity (1998) registered 641 species of fungi, 55 bacteria, 754 algae, 10 gymnosperms (8 species are threatened), 3100 angiosperms (330 endemic species), 1439 insects, 452 fishes, 16 amphibians (3 threatened), 127 reptile (31 threatened), 360 birds (15 threatened), and 124 mammals (most are threatened)... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Syria has declared 23 protected areas, accounting for 1.28% of its total land area.
Percentage of Forest Cover
Forests in Syria cover 461,000 ha, out of which 232840 ha are natural forests.