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Timor-Leste - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fourth National Report



Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Timor-Leste is a country positioned in a biodiversity hotspot, known as Wallacea, which harbors a number of globally significant ecosystems and endemic species... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Over-exploitation and unsustainable use of natural resources, as well as habitat degradation and fragmentation are the main drivers of biodiversity loss in Timor-Leste... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Timor-Leste became a CBD Party in 2007 and adopted its first NBSAP in February 2012. The NBSAP covers the 2011-2020 period and is closely linked to the National Strategic Development Plan of Timor-Leste for the next two decades... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Currently, there are 30 protected areas, 15 of which are legislated (another 15 have been identified to be put under legislation). There are also 16 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and up to 261 identified bird species in Timor-Leste... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity is mainstreamed in the National Strategic Development Plan for the next two decades, as well as in other plans and policy frameworks (e.g... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

By 2015, a national biodiversity monitoring system will be established.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Augusto Manuel Pinto
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Rui dos Reis Pires
Resource Mobilization FP
Dr. Marcal Gusmao
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Manuel Mendes
CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety


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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme