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Tunisia - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Tunisia is endowed with a high diversity of landscapes and natural environments. Forests cover 12.86% of the country’s territory, agricultural areas comprise up to 4.9 million ha, plains and mountainous relief extend in the north while the south is made up of deserts... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Threats to Tunisian biodiversity include desertification, land erosion (51.9% of the land is prone to water-induced erosion and 47% affected by wind erosion), overgrazing, urbanization and related human activities, invasive species (mostly from the Red Sea through the Suez Canal), climate change (affecting coastal zones and marine ecosystems due to accelerated sea level rise, production of cereals, etc.) and the potential side effects related to the development of biotechnologies (e.g... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Tunisia’s NBSAP was developed in 1998. The strategy sets four objectives regarding the conservation and sustainable utilization of biodiversity: (i) improve knowledge in biological diversity; (ii) assure better planning of sustainable management of ecosystems; (iii) improve education and promote awareness-raising; and (iv) elaborate and implement action plans in priority intervention fields, notably for endangered species and ecosystems... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

At present, 1.2% of Tunisia’s GDP is invested in environmental protection programs. Tunisia has a network of 24 protected areas covering 3.5% of the country’s territory and representing a number of ecosystems... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Tunisia has taken considerable efforts to mainstream biodiversity in sectoral policies and enhance collaboration and capacity-building among state agencies... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In regard to monitoring and review of NBSAP implementation, the National Biodiversity Study is being updated and a national registry of wild species of particular conservation interest (REGNES) has been prepared with the involvement of various sectors, ministries, and NGOs... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Nabil Hamada
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP, GSPC NFP
M. Mosbah Abaza
CBD Secondary NFP
Dr. Habib Ben Moussa
GSPC NFP
Mme. Naima Barbouche
GTI NFP
M. Abdelhakim Aissaoui
ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mlle Hazar Belli
BCH NFP
M. Abdelhakim Aissaoui
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme