Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Tuvalu is a small atoll nation located in the Central Pacific and has a total land area of only 26 sq km. The Islands are generally low with an average height of one meter above sea level while the highest elevation is no greater than 4 metres. Tuvalu’s Exclusive Economic Zone covers an ocean area of some 900,000 sq km... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Tuvalu has established six conservation areas on six of its nine islands with only one being regulated under a formal legislation while the rest through traditional management systems. Preparations are underway to expand its protected area networks. This will be identified under the National Biodiversity Strategy.
Percentage of Forest Cover
The soil of Tuvalu is generally of poor quality, and only supports a limited variety of flora. Indigenous plants are rare because of habitat modifications such as the extensive planting of coconuts and other food plants by early settlers. There are probably 200 plant species in Tuvalu, 50 of which are possibly indigenous (Lane, 1993)... More »