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United Republic of Tanzania - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa. Out of 25 globally known biodiversity hotspots, Tanzania harbours six: the Eastern Arc old Block-Mountain Forests; the coastal forests; the Great Lakes for Cichlid fishes; the marine coral reef ecosystems; the ecosystems of the alkaline Rift-Valley Lakes; and the grassland savannas for large mammals (e.g... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The core problems are defined as overgrazing, resource overexploitation, bushfires and the population’s dependency on fuel wood. Other factors affecting biodiversity and conservation include: poverty, inadequate information on genetic resources, inadequate awareness of communities on biodiversity conservation, inadequate alternative energy sources, influx of refugees, introduction of alien species {e.g... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Completed in 2001, Tanzania’s NBSAP was formulated to examine the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in three broad thematic areas (aquatic biodiversity, agro-biodiversity, terrestrial biodiversity)... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Tanzania has been practicing community-based natural resource management by encouraging participatory forestry and wildlife management through Wildlife Management Areas and Community Forest Reserves... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity issues have been integrated in the National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction (NSGRP) and in the plans and budgets of the local Governments... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Environmental management policies and legislations provide opportunities for the Tanzanian community to equally benefit from environmental resources and stipulate penalties for persons who do not comply with stated requirements... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mrs. Esther Shushu Makwaia
CBD Primary NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Onesphory Maganya Kamukuru
Resource Mobilization FP
Permanent Secretary
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Rawson Piniel Yonazi
SBSTTA NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Thomas Nestory Bwana
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme