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Switzerland - Country Profile

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Over the last 150 years, 224 animal and plant species have become or are presumed to have become extinct. Today, 40% of the evaluated animal species are included on the Red Lists; 34% of flowering plants and ferns have disappeared or are threatened; for fungi, bryophytes and lichens, the proportion is 32%, 42% and 41%, respectively... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

Since 1960, the rate of human-induced extinction has clearly exceeded the natural rate. Pressures on biodiversity are due to intensive agriculture, increased urbanization, land abandonment, housing construction (e.g. in dry grassland areas), increased forest coverage, etc. It is also feared that impacts of climate change on forests might occur at a rate rendering natural adaptation through genetic processes or species migration difficult... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The Swiss Landscape Concept (1997) served as the original strategy for implementing the CBD based on spatial (landscape) planning. To fully comply with national obligations under the Convention, the Swiss Parliament commissioned the development of a new Swiss Biodiversity Strategy which was adopted in 2012 with a special focus on mainstreaming and ecosystem conservation... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

As indicated above, the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets were taken into account in the development of the new Strategy. It is therefore assumed that actions for the 10 strategic objectives listed above, to be developed by 2014, will support implementation of several of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

A new system of financial equalization and division of tasks between the federal government and the cantons was created in 2008 whereby, together, these two levels of government agree on programmes, define the targets each intends to achieve and identify federal subsidies available for funding activities. The cantons are free to organize implementation actions as they see fit, while the municipalities are responsible for the actual implementation of the actions defined by the canton... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

“Biodiversity Monitoring Switzerland (BDM)” is a long-term monitoring programme, based on 33 indicators representing important, measurable biodiversity segments. “Monitoring of Sustainable Development (MONET)” is an indicator system to measure progress towards sustainable development. Other programmes include: Agro-Environmental... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Andreas Obrecht
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Mrs. Sarah Pearson Perret
CHM NFP
Dr. Eric Wiedmer
CHM NFP
Ms. Gabriela Blatter
Resource Mobilization FP
Dr. Olivier Biber
GTI NFP
Dr. Marco D'Alessandro
ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Anne-Gabrielle Wuest Saucy
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme