Our societies are intimately linked with and depend on biodiversity. Its loss and the degradation of its contributions to people jeopardize progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and human wellbeing. The COVID-19 pandemic has further highlighted the importance of the relationship between people and nature.
The Summit will highlight the crisis facing humanity from the degradation of biodiversity and the urgent need to accelerate action on biodiversity for sustainable development. It will provide an opportunity for Heads of State and Government and other leaders to raise ambition for the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework to be adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, to be held in 2021. This framework, and its effective implementation, must put nature on a path to recovery by 2030 to meet the SDGs and realize the Vision of “Living in harmony with nature”.
The Scope, Modalities, Format and Organization of the Summit have been set out in General Assembly Resolution 74/269, and by decision 74/562 on the High-Level Meetings during the 75th session of the Assembly.
The Summit will now be held on 30 September, 2020 and each Member State, observer State and the European Union can submit a pre-recorded statement of their Head of State / Government, ministers or other head of delegation, which will be played in the General Assembly Hall after introduction by their representative who will be physically present in the Hall. A detailed programme and logistics note for the Summit on Biodiversity will be provided in due course.
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The opening segment and the plenary session will highlight the connections between biodiversity, societies and economies. It is anticipated that Heads of State and Government and other leaders will recognize biodiversity’s multiple and essential contributions to sustainable development, and will demonstrate ambition and commitment to accelerate action on biodiversity for sustainable development, for example through whole-of-government and whole-of-society approaches and investments to restore, sustainably use, conserve and equitably share benefits from biodiversity.
- Addressing the loss of biodiversity is essential for poverty eradication, sustainable jobs,economic development and meeting the SDGs.
- All people depend on a healthy planet.
- Sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity is key to ensure that no one is left behind.
- Restoration of biodiversity and implementation of nature-based solutions will be essential to meet the SDGs.
- The Decade of Action and Delivery for Sustainable Development provides a critical opportunity to halt biodiversity loss and encourage its sustainable use.
- Urgent action on biodiversity is needed across all sectors and from all actors.
This session will highlight the opportunities and priorities for action to tackle the causes of biodiversity loss and for integrating action on biodiversity for sustainable development into key sectors. It is anticipated that Heads of State and Government and other leaders will demonstrate ambitious actions to address the causes of biodiversity loss and mainstream biodiversity action across all sectors of government, society and the economy.
- The main direct causes and impacts of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation are well known.
- There is widespread agreement on the actions urgently required to address biodiversity loss, and the need to embed these in all sectors of sustainable development.
- Sustainable consumption and production will require decoupling the concept of a good life from perpetual economic growth.
- Positive incentives to ensure co-benefits for biodiversity, societies and economies.
- Successful on-the-ground actions can be further scaled-up to help address biodiversity loss.
- Whole-of-government and whole-of-society approaches to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity need to be strengthened.
This session aims to highlight ways and means to support accelerated biodiversity action, including through harnessing science, technology and innovation, strengthening capacity-building, and enhancing access and benefit-sharing, financing and partnerships for biodiversity. It is anticipated that the session will provide an opportunity for Heads of State and Government and other leaders to identify implementation priorities and showcase initiatives and commitments to ensure the availability of sufficient resources to deliver the post-2020 global biodiversity framework as a contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- Increased ambition and commitment are needed to repurpose existing resources and deliver new and additional resources and other means of implementation.
- Transformation is needed to ensure financial and economic systems become positive for nature while ensuring well being of people.
- Both new finance and major repurposing of existing public and private finance are required.
- Capacity and readiness to access available finance are critical for the effective use of resources.
- Science and technology, along with indigenous and local knowledge, can support transformations to sustainability
- Access and benefit-sharing instruments have the potential to generate benefits for society and biodiversity.
- Multi-stakeholder partnerships and action across sectors are essential for positive biodiversity outcomes