One Year Anniversary of the Adoption of the KMGBF

"Let us remember that the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework will guide us for the next 10-30 years on our journey to achieve the global vision of living in harmony with nature." --David Cooper, Acting Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity

One year ago, in Montreal, with the joint leadership of both China, the COP 15 Presidency, and Canada, the hosting country, the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework was successfully adopted. This plan includes concrete actions to halt and reverse the loss of nature, including protecting 30% of the planet and restoring 30% of degraded ecosystems.

China’s leadership as Presidency of COP 15 was critical to the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. In addition to China’s leadership role as the Presidency of COP 15, their national biodiversity practices, including the updating of NBSAPs in alignment with the Framework, and the latest achievement of national biological conservation, demonstrates how China continues to lead by example.

This leadership has been displayed this year through achievements including:  

  • the organization of the Leaders’ Summit, 
  • the adoption of the Kunming Declaration, 
  • the formal announcement of the establishment of the Kunming Biodiversity Fund by President XI Jinping at the First Phase of COP15, 
  • the organization of the High-Level Segment of the UN Biodiversity Conference, 
  • leading Friends of the President to guide parties to negotiate and reach a final agreement on the Kunming-Montreal GBF at the Second Phase of COP15, 
  • hosting 2023 International Day for Biological Diversity and a joint Bureaux meeting in Kunming, Yunnan Province, 
  • chairing the resumed sessions of the COP15.2 and the intersessional Working Group meetings under the Convention, 
  • the recent launch of the Action Initiative for the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework,
  • and, of course, this one year anniversary celebration and stock-taking. 

Over the last year, progress has been made in many areas, new agreements and partnerships have been reached, and new funding has been made available. It is clear that the implementation of the Framework is well underway. 

The Biodiversity Plan Campaign

The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity is launching a communications and awareness campaign. The Conference of the Parties adopted the Communications strategy to support the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. This strategy is meant to include a clear global brand that is accessible to a wide range of audiences and used in other contexts with easy terms for use and licensing.  

The initial campaign assets for the first phase of this communications strategy are available at:

The communications strategy will continue to be developed in a participatory, iterative and flexible manner. These efforts will be assisted by communication experts and other relevant disciplines, including strong participation from indigenous peoples and local communities, women and youth.

A Trello board has been created to promote the release of The Biodiversity Plan's complete branding toolkit for the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework.  Click here to access the Trello Board.

COP 16: Colombia

Colombia will host the next United Nations Biodiversity Conference. COP 16 will include the reviewing of updated NBSAPs, and seeing further progress as we continue to move the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework from agreement to action. 

Canada was the last country to host the UN Biodiversity Conference, in December 2022, with China who chaired the meeting. COP 15, in Montreal ended with a historic agreement to guide global action for nature towards 2030--the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework.


More information:

The Biodiversity Plan

Colombia will host the UN Biodiversity Conference in 2024

View full Notification on the launch of the Biodiversity Plan campaign


Key Meetings and Progress Points

The CBD Advisory Committee on Resource Mobilization held its first meeting in Kinshasa, DRC in September 2023, to map out the financial landscape for biodiversity and align the Strategy for Resource Mobilization with the Biodiversity Plan. The meeting marked a significant step forward in efforts to finance biodiversity. 

In June 2023, we saw the adoption of the Treaty on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity beyond Areas of National Jurisdiction, known as the "BBNJ Treaty”.

In September 2023 at NYSE, the Task Force on Nature Related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) launched its recommendations, supporting implementation of the Biodiversity Plan's Target 15. The TNFD published recommendations for nature-related risk management and disclosure alongside a suite of additional guidance to help market participants get started with integrated assessment and corporate reporting related to nature/ biodiversity.

The Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) Fund was ratified and launched at the Seventh Assembly of the Global Environment Facility on 24 August 2023. 

The Fund is dedicated to the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework and provides streamlined, quickly dispersed funding from all sources.

The Fund currently stands at over 200 million USD.

Countries are developing national targets aligned with the Biodiversity Plan and are updating their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). Spain, Japan, Luxembourg, France, and the European Union have already published NBSAPs or policy documents. 

The NBSAP Accelerator Partnership is a tool for stakeholders to harness financial and non-financial resources from all sources, as well as to share knowledge and best practices that was launched.

The Convention’s scientific body (SBSTTA) reviewed progress on developing the Biodiversity Plan's monitoring framework and agreed on a plan to update technical guidance to support implementation. It also reviewed scientific assessments from IPBES and adopted guidance on invasive alien species.

Delegates met in Geneva and progressed their discussions on the development and operationalization of a multilateral mechanism for the sharing of benefits from the use of digital sequence information (DSI) on genetic resources. The convention’s Working Group on matters related to Indigenous Peoples and local communities agreed to develop a draft new programme of work to support the Biodiversity Plan.