During the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Curitiba, Brazil in March 2006 it was decided, in decision VIII/14, that the third edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook would be prepared for publication in 2010. In this decision it was also agreed that the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 would, along with the third and fourth national reports, serve as the basis for the review of implementation of the Convention during the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.
The Conference of the Parties provided further guidance on the preparation of the third edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook during its ninth meeting in Bonn, Germany, in 2008. In particular, indecision IX/10 the Conference of the Parties welcomed the scope, format, work plan, communication strategy and financial plan of the third edition of Global Biodiversity Outlook and requested the Executive Secretary to proceed with the preparation of the publication. The Conference of the Parties also invited the organizations composing the 2010 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership to make available the latest scientific information in accordance with the production plan for Global Biodiversity Outlook and urged Parties and invited other Governments, organizations and relevant scientific bodies to make available data on the status and trends of biological diversity, progress made in the implementing the Convention including its Strategic Plan, and lessons learned in carrying out actions designed to contribute to a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss and the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention.
GBO-3 was submitted to two rounds of peer-review as well as the review by a scientific advisory body and the Bureaux of SBSTTA and COP. Several components of GBO-3 underwent additional peer-review through specific processes, such as the review processes under the 2010 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership or that of DIVERSITAS