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Canada - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Canada supports a remarkable diversity of tundra, forest, grassland, freshwater, and ocean ecosystems. The country encompasses a surface area of 9.98 million km², approximately 6.7% of the Earth’s total, and is bordered by three oceans with 243,000 km of coastline... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Degradation, fragmentation, and shifts in the structure and composition of many ecosystems are taking place owing to a number of pressures. Habitat is declining in quantity and becoming fragmented due to combined pressures from urbanization and industrial activity including agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining and oil, and gas development... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, developed jointly by federal, provincial and territorial governments and released in 1996, highlights the importance of Canada’s natural assets and sets out a range of strategic directions for the conservation and sustainable use of Canada’s natural capital... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

One of the most significant results achieved regarding the Aichi targets is the additions to Canada’s networks of protected areas, with approximately 9.4% of Canada’s terrestrial area currently protected... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) adopted in 2010 includes a number of biodiversity-related goals and targets and will be updated in 2013... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Across the country, Conservation Data Centres provide biodiversity data for management and planning. Reports on the general status of more than 1600 Canadian wild species are now produced every five years, with the first having been released in 2000... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Robert McLean
CBD Primary NFP
Dr. Mark Graham
GTI NFP
Ms. Nashina Shariff
ICNP ABS NFP
Dr. David Galbraith
GSPC NFP
Ms. Krista Blackborow
CHM NFP, CHM Informal Advisory Committee
Ms. Risa Smith
SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Nadine Nickner
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Pierre Beaufils
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. John Moffet
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Ms. Nataliya Dormann
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme