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Ireland - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

More than 31,000 species occur in Ireland, 60% of which are invertebrates. Only 10% are “familiar” species such as plants, birds and mammals. It is estimated that there are at least 7,000 species of algae and fungi that have yet to be discovered in Ireland... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The key general threats have been identified as: (i) direct damage, such as peat cutting, drainage and infilling; buildings and infrastructure; reclamation... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

There are several examples to illustrate good progress in implementing Ireland’s first NBSAP (2002-2006). Sites of Community Importance (SCIs), with an approximate area of 1,350,000 ha, have been designated, with Marine SCIs occupying approximately 330,000 ha, and marine areas covering approximately 428,000 ha proposed for designation... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

As indicated above, 21 headline targets have been set in the revised National Biodiversity Action Plan (2011-2016) and specific actions have been identified to achieve these targets, with indicators for measuring progress in implementation expected to be adopted in 2012... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Funding programmes and incentives include: the natural heritage sub-programme, the water services sub-programme, rural development programme, rural environment protection scheme, forest environment protection scheme, agricultural incentives, forestry incentives and the Biodiversity Fund... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Biodiversity Forum oversees independent monitoring of progress in the ongoing implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the National Biodiversity Plan, highlighting progress and bottlenecks and ensuring on-going input to the development of national strategies to promote biodiversity conservation... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Ciaran O'Keeffe
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Niall Redmond
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, ICNP ABS NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Dr. Deirdre Lynn
SBSTTA NFP
Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
ABS Competent National Authorities
Dr. Matthew Jebb
GTI NFP, GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Alex Hurley
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Dr. Tom McLoughlin
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme