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The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Although being small (25713 km2) and landlocked country, with its position in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, The Republic of Macedonia is one of the hotspots for biodiversity in Europe... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Intensified economic growth has often been based on unsustainable use of the natural resources, particularly water and minerals, leading to habitat destruction and alteration, while continued and discontinued urbanization threatens some of the remaining lowland priority habitats... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The first National Strategy and Action Plan for Protection of Biological Diversity was adopted in 2004. The Action Plan encompasses 11 Strategic Approaches (that have been linked to one or more of the 12 Strategic Principles) on the following themes: in situ conservation; ex situ conservation; sustainable use of biodiversity; institutional improvement; investigation and monitoring; public awareness and education; impact assessment; incentive measures; legislation; financial resources for NBSAP implementation; coordination and implementation of the NBSAP... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Some progress has been made in relation to developing legislative and institutional frameworks for nature protection and improving the system for protecting natural values.

About 9% of the country’s territory is covered by 86 protected areas, among them re-proclaimed are: one strict nature reserve, two national parks, 9 monuments of nature, one nature park and one multipurpose area, while the rest belong to different categories not still re-proclaimed in accordance to the new categorization (in line with IUCN categorization) prescribed in the Law on Nature Protection... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

General principles and measures for biodiversity conservation are described in the Law on Nature Protection (adopted in 2004) with more amendments, mainly due to the ongoing process of transposition of EU Acqui into national legislation... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The monitoring of wild endangered species involved in national and international trade is proposed in the NBSAP. Inspections are carried out to control the cutting of forests and the collection or harvesting of wild plants in the country... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Daniela Rendevska
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Sashko Jordanov
GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Marija Dirlevska-Caloska
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme