Annexes

Annex 1: Biodiversity information by country
Annex 2: Membership of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Annex 3: GEF biodiversity projects
Annex 4: Information sources and further reading
Annex 5: Terminology, acronyms and abbreviations

Annex 1: Biodiversity information by country

 
Country NBII ex-situ collectionsII National RDBsIII Protected areasIV
    NHM Zoo Bot Animals Plants No. Area (km2)
Afghanistan 0.459 1 1 - - - 7 2,186
Albania 0.531 2 - 1 - · 52 1,029
Algeria 0.308 1 2 3 · · 18 58,910
Andorra   - - - - - 0 0
Angola 0.641 2 - 1 - - 13 81,812
Antigua & Barbuda   - - - - - 11 66
Argentina 0.615 41 8 9 · - 250 125,394
Armenia 0.559 - 1 3 · · 5 2,135
Australia 0.853 3 21 63 · · 4,072 1,025,880
Austria 0.469 11 20 11 · · 695 24,514
Azerbaijan 0.534 - 1 3 - - 34 4,778
Bahamas 0.443 - 4 - · · 38 1,458
Bahrain   - 1 - - - 3 9
Bangladesh 0.538 - 1 3 · · 10 981
Barbados   - 2 2 - - 6 3
Belarus 0.368 1 1 8 · · 903 13,043
Belgium 0.445 8 8 16 · · 72 862
Belize 0.643 - 1 1 · - 51 9,132
Benin 0.618 1 - 1 - - 5 12,625
Bhutan 0.607 - - - - - 9 10,513
Bolivia 0.724 - 4 4 · · 30 150,987
Bosnia &Herzegovina 0.532 - - - - - 21 271
Botswana 0.461 - - - - - 12 104,988
Brazil 0.877 16 73 24 · · 657 557,700
Brunei Darussalam 0.777 - 2 - - - 31 1,214
Bulgaria 0.493 5 3 9 · · 127 5,001
Burkina Faso 0.526 - - - - - 12 28,552
Burundi 0.683 1 - 1 - - 13 1,462
Cambodia 0.568 - - - - - 23 32,672
Cameroon 0.689 - - 2 - - 18 20,978
Canada 0.299 26 57 18 · · 3,226 925,227
Cape Verde   - - 2 - - 0 0
Central African Republic 0.509 2 - - - - 14 54,456
Chad 0.364 1 - - - - 9 114,940
Chile 0.570 6 3 8 · · 87 141,421
China 0.839 7 133 73 · · 885 686,806
Colombia 0.935 9 6 13 - - 95 94,670
Comoros   - - - - - 0 0
Congo, DPR 0.651 - 2 2 - - 42 146,374
Congo, Republic 0.649 1 1 - - - 12 17,000
Cook Islands   - - - - - 2 3
Costa Rica 0.820 - 1 2 · - 130 11,755
Côte d'Ivoire 0.632 - 1 1 - - 11 19,855
Croatia 0.538 6 3 7 - - 195 4,211
Cuba 0.703 3 5 8 · · 81 19,092
Cyprus 0.451 - 1 - - - 10 782
Czech Republic 0.498 26 13 26 · · 1,789 12,470
Denmark 0.403 3 16 8 · · 222 996,298
Djibouti 0.430 - - - - - 2 100
Dominica   - - 1 - - 8 171
Dominican Republic 0.661 - 2 1 - - 45 15,545
Ecuador 0.873 3 2 3 - · 25 128,548
Egypt 0.326 3 2 6 - · 23 10,084
El Salvador 0.616 - 1 1 · · 2 52
Equatorial Guinea 0.714 - - - - - 0 0
Eritrea 0.587 - - - - - 3 5,006
Estonia 0.436 - 1 3 · · 219 4,997
Ethiopia 0.593 1 - 1 - - 39 186,998
Fiji 0.520 - - 2 - - 15 202
Finland 0.290 12 4 8 · · 270 28,408
France 0.423 50 40 68 · · 1,521 84,505
FYR Macedonia 0.550 - - 7 - - 26 1,815
Gabon 0.641 - 1 1 - - 5 7,230
Gambia 0.602 - - - · - 6 225
Georgia 0.553 2 3 5 - - 18 1,954
Germany 0.365 66 215 75 · · 7,317 111,577
Ghana 0.646 - 1 3 - - 16 12,686
Greece 0.55 3 - 4 · · 88 4,696
Grenada   - 1 1 - - 1 6
Guatemala 0.744 2 3 1 · · 42 21,668
Guinea 0.603 1 - - - - 3 1,635
Guinea Bissau 0.592 - - - - - 0 0
Guyana 0.685 - 1 2 - - 1 586
Haiti 0.680 - - 1 - - 8 97
Honduras 0.653 - 1 3 · - 71 7,188
Hungary 0.441 5 6 17 · · 186 6,492
Iceland 0.113 5 - 2 - · 79 9,807
India 0.732 33 72 72 · · 495 154,508
Indonesia 1.000 2 13 5 · · 1,072 357,425
Iran (Islamic Republic) 0.471 2 1 3 - - 78 83,034
Iraq 0.431 1 1 1 - - 8 5
Ireland 0.279 3 2 8 · · 72 655
Israel 0.601 6 5 7 - · 188 3,258
Italy 0.512 71 32 48 · · 423 22,051
Jamaica 0.665 - 1 4 - · 143 9,159
Japan 0.638 26 160 54 · · 96 25,610
Jordan 0.468 - - - - - 11 2,980
Kazakhstan 0.435 - 3 8 · · 73 73,375
Kenya 0.643 1 4 6 - · 68 45,473
Kiribati   - - - - - 10 267
Korea, DPR 0.370 - 1 1 - - 31 3,159
Korea, Republic 0.423 2 4 5 · · 30 6,839
Kuwait 0.224 1 1 - - - 5 273
Kyrgyzstan 0.414 - - 3 · - 78 6,939
Lao PDR 0.615 - - - · - 17 27,563
Latvia 0.420 - 1 2 · · 209 8,288
Lebanon 0.569 1 - - · · 3 48
Lesotho 0.416 - - - - · 1 68
Liberia 0.555 - 1 - - - 1 1,292
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 0.240 1 2 1 - - 8 1,730
Liechtenstein   - - - · · 10 62
Lithuania 0.420 - 2 5 · · 79 6,456
Luxembourg   1 - - · · 19 373
Madagascar 0.813 1 3 1 - - 45 12,316
Malawi 0.627 - 1 4 - - 9 10,585
Malaysia 0.809 1 6 9 · · 184 15,584
Maldives   - - - - - 0 0
Mali 0.381 1 - - - - 13 45,320
Malta   1 - 1 · · 7 3
Marshall Islands   - - - - - 0 0
Mauritania 0.341 - - - - - 9 17,460
Mauritius   2 1 2 - · 25 158
Mexico 0.928 4 16 35 · · 212 183,075
Micronesia (Fed. States) - - - - - 0 0
Moldova, Republic 0.454 - 1 2 · · 63 473
Monaco   - 1 1 - - 2 1
Mongolia 0.358 1 - 1 - - 42 179,912
Morocco 0.459 1 5 2 - · 12 3,175
Mozambique 0.522 1 - 2 - - 12 66,020
Myanmar 0.628 1 1 2 - - 3 1,736
Namibia 0.553 3 - 1 - · 21 112,160
Nauru   - - - - - 0 0
Nepal 0.642 1 1 1 · · 14 12,705
Netherlands 0.412 28 13 39 · · 89 4,901
New Zealand 0.520 5 8 17 · · 235 63,341
Nicaragua 0.643 - 1 1 · - 73 21,550
Niger 0.412 - - - - - 6 96,941
Nigeria 0.548 2 7 5 - · 27 30,216
Niue   - - - - - 1 54
Norway 0.297 7 7 6 · · 200 101,692
Oman 0.358 1 1 - - - 3 34,280
Pakistan 0.495 8 3 5 - - 83 37,449
Palau   - - - - - 7 12
Panama 0.793 2 1 1 · · 31 15,474
Papua New Guinea 0.775 - 2 4 - - 29 10,549
Paraguay 0.613 4 3 1 - - 20 14,011
Peru 0.843 1 1 6 · · 35 68,203
Philippines 0.786 4 4 9 · · 43 17,031
Poland 0.367 26 9 25 · · 578 37,713
Portugal 0.511 3 3 12 · · 58 6,027
Qatar 0.189 - 2 - - - 4 17
Romania 0.424 9 3 10 · · 157 10,896
Russian Federation 0.447 10 16 74 · · 10,835 1,259,286
Rwanda 0.726 - - 1 - - 6 3,624
Samoa   - - 1 - - 7 116
Sao Tome and Principe - - - · · 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0.281 - 3 2 - · 78 825,717
Senegal 0.512 1 1 3 - - 14 22,422
Seychelles   1 - 1 · · 19 450
Sierra Leone 0.652 - - 1 - - 6 1,534
Singapore   - 3 1 · · 5 30
Slovakia 0.589 13 3 7 · · 1,039 10,852
Slovenia 0.558 1 2 3 · · 32 1,203
Solomon Islands 0.599 - - 1 - - 1 83
Somalia 0.527 - - - - - 10 5,246
South Africa 0.714 8 16 19 · · 405 66,454
Spain 0.486 12 19 13 · · 328 42,402
Sri Lanka 0.656 1 1 5 · · 110 8,695
St. Kitts and Nevis   - - - - - 2 26
St. Lucia   - 1 - - - 46 99
St. Vincent & Grenadines - - 1 - - 25 83
Sudan 0.539 2 1 1 - - 27 122,490
Suriname 0.623 1 - 1 - - 14 8,043
Swaziland 0.609 - - - - · 5 601
Sweden 0.304 7 15 9 · · 361 34,760
Switzerland 0.497 31 35 22 · · 2,177 11,856
Syrian Arab Republic 0.469 - - - - - 0 0
Tajikistan 0.456 - 1 5 · · 19 5,870
Tanzania, United Rep. 0.674 5 - 3 - - 91 264,582
Thailand 0.670 2 6 5 · · 158 70,773
Togo 0.693 - - 1 - - 9 4,292
Tonga   - - - - - 8 37
Trinidad and Tobago 0.691 - 2 1 - - 26 308
Tunisia 0.408 - 2 1 - - 7 445
Turkey 0.572 2 3 6 · · 78 11,968
Turkmenistan 0.445 - 1 1 · · 23 19,775
Tuvalu   - - - - - 1 33
Uganda 0.655 5 - 2 - - 54 49,156
Ukraine 0.415 14 8 33 · · 5,183 22,854
United Arab Emirates 0.392 - 2 - - - 2 0
United Kingdom 0.320 40 104 64 · · 706 51,317
U.S.A. 0.677 182 396 270 · · 3,532 2,357,977
Uruguay 0.487 4 3 1 - - 13 477
Uzbekistan 0.436 - 2 4 · · 11 8,185
Vanuatu 0.393 - - - - - 1 35
Venezuela 0.850 2 13 7 · - 195 563,057
Viet Nam 0.682 - 1 3 · · 54 9,953
Yemen 0.387 - - - - - 0 0
Yugoslavia 0.510 7 2 16 - · 104 3,390
Zambia 0.537 - - - - - 68 226,491
Zimbabwe 0.586 1 1 4 - - 69 49,970


I NBI = National Biodiversity Index. This index is based on estimates of country richness and endemism in four terrestrial vertebrate classes and vascular plants; vertebrates and plants are ranked equally; index values range between 1.000 (maximum: Indonesia) and 0.000 (minimum: Greenland, not shown in table). The NBI includes some adjustment allowing for country size. Countries with land area less than 5,000 sq km are excluded. Overseas territories and dependencies are excluded from this column.

II NHM = natural history, botanical and zoological museums; Zoo = zoological gardens; Bot = botanical gardens; Extracted from multiple sources, first collated in WCMC, 1994. Biodiversity Data Sourcebook. World Conservation Press.

III These columns indicate, for animals and plants, whether an official or quasi-official national assessment of country-level species status (eg. a national Red Data Book or similar compilation) exists. Based on data first collated in WCMC, 1994. <i>Biodiversity Data Sourcebook</i>. World Conservation Press. Partially revised in 1999 and 2001. It is not always possible to distinguish official RDBs from unofficial compilations. Absence of a symbol may indicate that no national RDB exists or that UNEP-WCMC has no record of it.

IV These columns show the number and total area of established protected areas in IUCN/WCPA categories I-VI. A zero in these columns indicates that the database contains no record of protected areas in these categories in the country concerned. From UNEP-WCMC database, maintained in collaboration with IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme