Annexes

Annex 1: Biodiversity information by country
Annex 2: Membership of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Annex 3: GEF biodiversity projects
Annex 4: Information sources and further reading
Annex 5: Terminology, acronyms and abbreviations

Annex 5: Terminology, acronyms and abbreviations

 
1: Organizations
ACC Administrative Committee on Coordination (United Nations) http://acc.unsystem.org/
ACCOBAMS Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (CMS) http://www.accobams.mc/
AEWA African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement (CMS) http://www.unep-wcmc.org/AEWA/index2.html
ARCOS Albertine Rift Conservation Society http://www.unep-wcmc.org/arcos/
ASCOBANS Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (CMS) http://www.ascobans.org/
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations http://www.asean.or.id/
BGCI Botanic Gardens Conservation International http://www.bgci.org.uk/
BPSP Biodiversity Planning Support Programme (UNDP-UNEP) http://www.undp.org/bpsp/
CABI CAB International http://www.cabi.org/
CAFF Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (Arctic Council) http://www.grida.no/caff/
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity http://www.cbd.int/
CCD See UNCCD  
CEC Commission for Environmental Cooperation (North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation) http://www.cec.org/
CEC Commission on Education and Communication (IUCN) http://info.iucn.org/iucncec/
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research http://www.cgiar.org/
CGRFA Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO) http://www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/default.htm
CIFOR Centre for International Forestry Research http://www.cifor.org/
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora http://www.cites.org/
CMS Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals http://www.unep-wcmc.org/cms/
CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU) http://www.nrc.ca/codata/welcome.html
COFO Committee on Forestry (FAO) http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/statbod/cofo/COFO-e.stm
COGENT International Coconut Genetic Resources Network http://www.ipgri.cgiar.org/networks/cogent/
CPAN Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CAFF) http://www.grida.no/caff/cpanstratplan.htm
CSD Commission for Sustainable Development (ECOSOC) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd.htm
CTE Committee on Trade and Environment (WTO) http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/issu1_e.htm
DADIS Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (FAO) http://www.fao.org/dad-is/
DIVERSITAS A partnership of ICSU, IUBS, SCOPE, IGBP, IUMS and UNESCO to promote, facilitate and catalyse scientific research on biodiversity http://www.diversitas-international.org/index.html
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development http://www.ebrd.org/index.htm
EC European Community http://europa.eu.int/
ECNC European Centre for Nature Conservation http://www.ecnc.nl/
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council (United Nations) http://www.un.org/esa/coordination/ecosoc/
EEA European Environment Agency http://www.eea.eu.int/
EIONET European Environment Information and Observation Network (EEA) http://eionet.eea.eu.int/index.shtml
EUROBATS Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe (CMS) http://www.eurobats.org/
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations http://www.fao.org/
FIELD Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development http://www.field.org.uk/
FRA 2000 Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (FAO) http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/fra/index.jsp
FSC Forest Stewardship Council http://www.fscoax.org/index.html
GA General Assembly (United Nations) http://www.un.org/ga/
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (WTO) http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/gatt_e/gatt_e.htm
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/index.html
GCRMN Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network http://www.gcrmn.org/
GEF Global Environment Facility http://www.gefweb.org/
GISP Global Invasive Species Programme http://globalecology.stanford.edu/DGE/Gisp/index.htmlhome.htm
GIWA Global International Waters Assessment (UNEP) http://www.giwa.net/
GLASOD Global Assessment of Soil Degradation http://www.isric.nl/GLASOD.htm
GRID Global Resource Information Database (UNEP) http://www.grid.no
GTI Global Taxonomy Initiative http://www.cbd.int/spec-tax/GTI/index.html
IABIN Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network http://www.iabin.net/
IACSD Inter-Agency Committee on Sustainable Development (ACC) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/iacsd.htm
IAIA International Association for Impact Assessment http://www.iaia.org/
IBOY International Biodiversity Observation Year http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/IBOY/
ICARDA International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas http://www.icarda.cgiar.org/
ICBG International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups http://www.nih.gov/fic/programs/icbg.html
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea http://www.ices.dk/
ICLARM International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management http://www.cgiar.org/iclarm/
ICPR International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine http://www.iksr.org/icpr/welcome.html
ICRAF International Centre for Research in Agroforestry http://www.icraf.cgiar.org/
ICRAN International Coral Reef Action Network http://www.unep.ch/earthw/icran.htm
ICRI International Coral Reef Initiative http://www.environnement.gouv.fr/icri/index.html
ICRIN International Coral Reef Information Network http://www.environnement.gouv.fr/icri/index.html
ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics http://www.icrisat.org/
ICSU International Council for Science http://www.icsu.org/
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development http://www.ifad.org/
IFF International Forum on Forests (CSD) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/forests.htm
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (ICSU) http://www.igbp.kva.se/
IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture http://www.iita.org/Index3.htm
IMO International Maritime Organization http://www.imo.org/
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO) http://ioc.unesco.org/iocweb/
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change http://www.ipcc.ch/index.html
IPF Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (CSD) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/forests.htm
IPGRI International Plant Genetic Resources Institute http://www.ipgri.org/
IPIECA International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association http://www.ipieca.org/
IPPC International Plant Protection Convention http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGP/AGPP/PQ/Default.htm
ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization http://www.itto.or.jp/Index.html
IU International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO) http://www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/IU.htm
IUBS International Union of Biological Sciences http://www.iubs.org/
IUCN World Conservation Union http://www.iucn.org/
IUMS International Union of Microbiological Sciences http://www.iums.org/
MAB Man and the Biosphere Programme (UNESCO) http://www.unesco.org/mab/index.htm
MSC Marine Stewardship Council http://www.msc.org/
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org/
OAU Organization of African Unity http://www.oau-oua.org/
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development http://www.oecd.org/
OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic http://www.ospar.org/
PEBLDS Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy http://www.strategyguide.org/
PHARE The Phare programme is the European Community's main instrument of financial and technical cooperation with the central and eastern European countries which are candidates for EU membership http://europa.eu.int/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/e50004.htm
RAFI Rural Advancement Foundation International http://www.rafi.org/
RAMSAR The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), also referred to as `The Convention on Wetlands' and `The Ramsar Convention' http://www.ramsar.org/
REC Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe http://www.rec.org/Default.shtml
REFORGEN FAO Global Information System on Forest genetic Resources http://www.fao.org/montes/for/form/FOGENRES/reforgen/
RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (The Netherlands) http://www.rivm.nl/index_en.html
SADC South African Development Community http://www.sadc.int/
SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (UNFCCC) http://www.unfccc.de/index.html
SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (ICSU) http://www.iscu-scope.org/
SINGER System-wide Information Network on Genetic Resources (CGIAR) http://singer2.cgiar.org/
SOCA Sub-Committee on Oceans and Coastal Areas (ACC) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/iacsd.htm
SPAW Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (Cartagena Convention) http://www.cep.unep.org/law/cartnut.html
SPREP South Pacific Regional Environment Programme http://www.sprep.org.ws/
SPS Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (WTO) http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/sps_e/sps_e.htm
SSC Species Survival Commission (IUCN) http://iucn.org/themes/ssc/index.htm
STAP Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (GEF) http://www.gefweb.org/participants/Scietific___Technical/scietific___technical.html
SWR Sub-Committee on Water Resources (ACC) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/iacsd.htm
TACIS The TACIS programme is the European Community's main instrument of financial and technical cooperation with the newly independent states (former republics of the USSR) and Mongolia http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/ceeca/tacis/index.htm
TBT Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO) http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm8_e.htm
TRAFFIC TRAFFIC is the joint wildlife trade monitoring programme of WWF and IUCN http://www.traffic.org/
TRIPS Agreement on Trade Related Shtmlects of Intellectual Property Rights (WTO) http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm6_e.htm
UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification http://www.unccd.int/main.php
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, June 1992) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/agenda21.htm
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea http://www.un.org/Depts/los/index.htm
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development http://www.unctad.org/
UNDESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs http://www.un.org/esa/
UNDP United Nations Development Programme http://www.undp.org/
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe http://www.unece.org/
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme http://www.unep.org/
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization http://www.unesco.org/
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change http://www.unfccc.de/index.html
UNFF United Nations Forum on Forests http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/forests.htm
UNGASS Special Session of the General Assembly to Review and Appraise the Implementation of Agenda 21 (1997) http://www.un.org/esa/earthsummit/
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization http://www.unido.org/
UPOV International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales) http://www.upov.int/eng/index.htm
WAICENT World Agricultural Information Centre (FAO) http://www.fao.org/waicent/search/default.htm
WCD World Commission on Dams http://www.dams.org/
WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Centre (since July 2000: UNEP-WCMC) http://www.unep-wcmc.org
WCPA World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN) http://wcpa.iucn.org/
WDCM World Data Centre for Microorganisms http://wdcm.nig.ac.jp/index.html
WFCC World Federation for Culture Collections http://wdcm.nig.ac.jp/wfcc/index.xml
WHC World Heritage Convention (Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage) http://www.unesco.org/whc/index.htm
WIEWS World Information and Early Warning System on Plant Genetic Resources (FAO) http://apps3.fao.org/wiews/
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization http://www.wipo.int/index.html.en
WRI World Resources Institute http://www.wri.org/wri/
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, September 2002) http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/
WTO World Trade Organization http://www.wto.org/
WWF World Wide Fund for Nature http://www.panda.org/
2: Scientific terms
AI Aridity index  
CO2 Carbon dioxide  
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid  
EIA Environmental impact assessment  
GM/GMO Genetically modified/genetically modified organism  
GURT Genetic use restriction technologies  
IBA Important Bird Area  
IPM Integrated pest management  
LMO Living modified organism  
NPP Net primary production  
PET Potential evapotranspiration  
3: Intergovernmental terminology
CEE/NIS Central and Eastern Europe/Newly Independent States  
CHM Clearing-House mechanism http://www.cbd.int/chm/
COP Conference of the Parties http://www.cbd.int/convention/cops.shtml
G77 The Group of 77 http://www.g77.org/
GBO Global Biodiversity Outlook /gbo/
GRULAC Group of Latin American and the Caribbean  
ICCP Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartagena Protocol http://www.cbd.int/biosafety/iccp.shtml?lg=0
IGO Intergovernmental organization  
INC Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Convention on Biological Diversity (1991-1992)  
JUSSCANNZ Non-EU members of WEOG - Japan, United States of America, Switzerland, Canada, Australia, Norway, New Zealand  
LDC Least developed country http://www.unctad.org/en/pub/ldcprofiles2001.en.htm
Nairobi Act Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity (Nairobi, 22 May 1992)  
NBSAP National biodiversity strategy and action plan  
NEAP National environmental action plan  
NGO Non-governmental organization  
PGRFA Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture  
SBSTTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (CBD) http://www.cbd.int/
SIDS Small island developing States http://www.sidsnet.org/
WEOG Western European and Others Group  

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme