ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION IN AFRICA: CASE STUDIES

 

FOREST LANDSCAPE RESTORATION TECHNICAL PLANNING IN RWANDA

Source: Flikr / Rwanda Government

"The Government of Rwanda recognises the importance of forest landscapes for its socio-economic transformation goals. The country's Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS2) provides a roadmap for forest cover increase up to 30% of the total country, and its commitment to halt and reverse environmental degradation is also highlighted in the national development plan, Vision 2020. Vision 2020 was launched in 2000 and revised in 2012 to reflect the cross-cutting nature of natural resources, environment and climate change. This political will is also reflected in Rwanda’s national Green Growth and Climate Resilient Strategy (GGCRS) which provides a framework for Rwanda to be a developed, climate-resilient and low-carbon economy by 2050." Full article here.

 

 

PROMOTING RESTORATION THROUGH FARMER-MANAGED NATURAL REGENERATION IN UGANDA  

Restoration in Uganda. C.Beatty/IUCN

"Uganda has made a significant pledge to the Bonn Challenge, committing to bring 2.5 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020. Since 60% of Uganda’s population depends on agriculture (Government of Uganda), the need to restore degraded and deforested lands is timely and very important. Currently, IUCN works in the eastern part of the country to enhance resilience of lands and communities that depend on the lands for their livelihoods. Some of the projects aim to train locals and help them ‘learn as they work’ in implementing different practices and interventions, in their farms." Full article here.

 

 

 

LANDSCAPE RESTORATION IN GHANA: Restoration of a degraded forest reserve to its former production function, where remnants of the original vegetation are protected and strengthened to become refuges for biodiversity and where land users in and around the reserve use sustanable land practices.

"The community farmland surrounding the Tain II Forest Reserve is underdeveloped, fallow or under low productivity agriculture. Road access in and around the reserve is very poor. Due to this poor use and lack of enforcement, illegal farming, cattle herding, illegal logging and poaching have developed without much hindrance, both in and surrounding the reserve. This has left behind a highly degraded landscape where soils, biodiversity, forests and livelihoods of people still continue to degrade, intensified by fires. This urges for improved farming and forest plantation systems that generate income, are sustainably managed and can be scaled up, and the conservation and restoration of ecological important areas." Full article here

 

COMMUNITIES REGREEN THE SAHELl: Growing buffers to ensure food security, livelihoods and biodiversity.

"In various countries in the Sahel, vast tracts of land have been restored by the local population by nurturing what spontaneously springs from the soil and protecting the sprouts from cattle and hazards. Both ENDS and local partners in Niger, Senegal and Burkina Faso support this ‘Farmer-Led Regreening’ which enables the tree and shrub vegetation to recover. This successful low-cost, low-technology and farmer-led method enhances local food security and ecological stability in the long run. The ownership lies with local people through the establishment of Village Committees, which form the backbone of Farmer-Led Regreening. With this 10-year programme, Both ENDS and our local partners aim to create all the necessary conditions for a snowball effect for Farmer-Led Regreening on a large scale in these three countries, as the ‘proof of concept’ has already been delivered there." Full article here.

 

CAPITAL MANGROVES AFRICA- SENEGAL: Mangroves and their biodiversity are healthy, improving the livelihoods of millions of people and protecting them against the dangers of climate change.

"The delta’s mangrove system faces a whole suite of challenges ranging from declining freshwater flows, saltwater intrusion and over-exploitation of timber and fishery resources. Land clearance for agriculture, ill-planned infrastructure development, offshore oil and gas exploration and climate change also play their parts. A rapidly growing population with limited alternatives to destructive mangrove practices adds further pressure. By increasing the ecological, social and economic values of over 1 million hectares of African mangroves, people will have greater resilience and prosperity." Full article here.

 

 

 

GREAT GREEN WALL INITIATIVE: Achievements from 2011 to 2017 and Challenges to the 2030 path.

This book follows the two books published on the GGWI by Dia and Duponnois in 2011 and 2013 on the Great Green Wall. Its objective is to be a reference to better understand the Initiative, including the GGW concept and its relevance, the African vision, the multisectoral, holistic and ecosystem aspects and sequential approach. It also allows us to better understand the important steps taken towards the translation of the GGWI vision into tangible realities and positive impacts on ecosystems, communities, and local populations of the soils. It outlines the institutional achievements of the PAGGW and the main achievements in terms of key operational activities of SLM and Community Development and the analysis of their ecological impacts and economic development in the areas of the GGW route. Read the book here

 

 

 

 

 

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