Examples of Interventions

A United Nations Approach to Address Natural Resources Across the Peace and Security Continuum

1. Preventive diplomacy/early warning

• Ensure resource governance is transparent, inclusive, accountable, sustainable and equitable • Identify violations of economic, social and cultural rights linked to natural resources • Identify resource scarcity hotspots and livelihood support needs • Support existing mechanisms that channel the voice of women in the above mentioned issues

2. Peacemaking and mediation

• Support dialogue between parties using “good offices” • Provide impartial technical information • Identify mutual benefits from natural resources • Build capacity for interest-based negotiation and for natural resource management • Include natural resources in negotiations and agreements where they are a conflict driver or means • Open the political space for key resource stakeholders to engage, including women

3. Peacekeeping

• Secure and demilitarize resource rich areas • Issue sanctions against conflict resources andsupport their enforcement • Support the implementation of natural resource clauses in peace agreements • Prevent threat financing from environmental crime • Restore administration of natural resources

4. Peacebuilding/sustaining peace

• Establish national vision and a framework for resource governance reforms combined with capacity building • Create jobs and resilient livelihoods from full range of natural resources for men and women • Secure land right and other resource rights as basis for sustainable resource management • Use cooperation over natural resources as a basis for trust building between divided groups • Develop co-management regimes and local dispute resolution processes for natural resources • Develop natural resources in a conflict and gender sensitive manner • Use resources as economic incentives for peace • Inclusive specific focus on ex-combatants, marginalized groups and women

5. Sustainable development

• Build inclusive, transparent and accountable political and economic institutions • Provide opportunities for inclusive decision-making on natural resources, including for women and indigenous groups • Share benefits from natural resources in an equitable manner • Ensure public rights to information, participation and justice in decision-making on natural resources and the environment • Increase transition towards an inclusive green economy for human well-being and social equity

Source: UNEP. 2015. Addressing the Role of Natural Resources in Conflict and Peacebuilding. Click here.