Case-Study Details

Main Information
Title Biodiversity and environmental assessment Toolkit
Type of Information Guideline
Description Biodiversity was placed firmly on the international agenda when the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was opened for signature at the 1992 UNEP Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where over 150 countries signed it. The CBD came into force in December 1993. 
Local communities, and many sectors of national economies, depend upon the diversity of biological resources and the life-support functions and services they perform. And yet the rate of loss of biodiversity is greater today than at any time since the extinction of the dinosaurs. The irreversibility of this species extinction, and loss of genetic strains, natural habitats and ecosystems through degradation and over-exploitation compromise options for present and future generations. 
It is now more vital than ever that the functions and services of natural habitats are systematically assessed and evaluated as part of cost/benefit analysis of programs and projects. There is an increasingly urgent need for environmental assessment to pull its weight in order to prevent the degradation and overexploitation of biodiversity. 
The objectives of the current review are: 
- to inform EA practitioners, task team leaders (TTLs), executing agencies and other project stakeholders about the costs and benefits of effective treatment of biodiversity in project design, acceptance and long-term sustainability (Part 2); 
- to outline pragmatic and cost-effective approaches and methods to achieve effective treatment of biodiversity in EA and for a range of project investment types and scales (Part 3); and 
- to assess the implications of the above for the management of EA in the World Bank (Part 4).
Web Link /impact/case-studies/cs-impact-wb-toolkit-2000-en.pdf
Additional Information
Reference / Citation World Bank. “Biodiversity and environmental assessment Toolkit.” World Bank Environment department, March 2000.
Programme Areas Impact Assessment
Ecosystem Approach
Keywords Environmental impact assessment
Cost-benefit analysis
Public participation
Public Awareness
Biodiversity specialist
Cumulative effects
Analysis of alternatives
Terms of reference
Environmental management plan
Protected areas
Protected species
Biodiversity hotspot
Checklist method
Interaction Matrix method
Network (or flow diagram) method
Overlay mapping method
Baseline studies
Primary data
Secondary data